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Story Of London

A London Chronology: From the Sixth to the Ninth Centuries

A London Chronology: From the Sixth to the Ninth Centuries
Posted on Jun 17, 2002 – 01:57 AM by Bill McCann

This series of articles presents a basic chronology of London but will also contain references to national events where these are important in the development of the London area. Wherever possible, the precise dates and days of the week on which the events here recorded took place are noted. The series is an organic one and will change frequently as new events or dates are extracted from our sources.


You can either jump to the chronology for a specific century using the following table of links or scroll through the centuries sequentially by following the links at the bottom of the page.

Visit Specific Centuries
[43-500 AD][501-800]
[801-900][901-1000][1001-1100][1101-1200]
[1201-1300][1301-1400][1401-1500][1501-1600]
[1601-1700][1701-1800][1801-1900][1901-2000]

From the Sixth to the Ninth Centuries

First sighting of the Vikings in the English Channel

YearMonth/DayEvent
560Aethelberht became king in Kent
577The West Saxons captured Gloucester, Cirencester and Bath
596/7Arrival of St Augustine’s mission in Kent
597Wednesday December 25England adopted the Julian Calendar.
600Lundenwic was established along the Strand
604Appointment ofSt Mellitus as Bishop of London.
Foundation of St Paul’s Cathedral
604Thursday March 12Birth of Pope Gregory, who developed the Gregorian chant.
604Tuesday May 26Death of St Augustine, first Archbishop of Canterbury.
606Convent of St Mary Overie established on site of Southwark Cathedral
607Monday March 13The 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.
615,Saturday September 13Death of Ethelgoda wife of Sebert, traditional founder of St Peter’s Westminster
616,Saturday July 31Death of Sebert, nephew of Aethelberht and traditional founder of St Peter’s Westminster
616expulsion of St Mellitus from London
624Tuesday April 24Death of St Mellitus, the first Saxon Bishop of London.
624Death of Raedwald and his probable burial at Sutton Hoo
627Edwin and the Northumbrian court converted to Christianity
633Penda became king of Mercia. Refused to convert to Christianity
633Battle of Heavenfield. Penda defeated and killed Edwin
Oswald became king of Northumbria
635King Cynegils of Wessex converted to Christianity
642Penda defeated and killed Oswald at Oswestry
640Gold coins were minted in London
655There was a total eclipse of the sun this year
655Thursday March 26Deusdedit was sanctified as Archbishop of Canterbury by Ithamar, Bishop of Rochester
655Penda was defeated and killed by Oswy of Northumbria at theWinwaed
Oswy became titular over-king
656Cedd became Bishop of London
659Wulfhere became King of Mercia
664Synod of Whitby under the presidency of Oswy settled the doctrinal dispute between Rome and the Irish church
664-5A severe pestilence ravaged England
665Wini became Bishop of London
669Theodore of Tarsus, 7th archbishop of Canterbury arrived in Britain
670Death of Oswy
672The Synod of Hertford
672The Battle of Trent marks the beginning of the rise of the Mercian Kingdom
675Waldhere became Bishop of London
685Earconwald became Bishop of London
685-8Mercian expansion under Caedwalla takes in Kent, Surrey and Wessex
688Ine became King of Wessex
690-693Ine gained control over London
706Ingwald became Bishop of London
716Aethelbald became king of Mercia
726Death of Ine
Aethelbald recovered London
730-740Foundation of Westminster Abbey
757Death of Aethelbald
Offa became king of Mercia
Silver coins sceatta were minted during his reign
785First written record of Westminster
It is in a Latin charter of Offa
772Sigheard became Bishop of London
774Eadberht became Bishop of London
786Offa presided over the Legatine Council
786Brihtric began his reign
789Eadgar became Bishop of London
789The first appearance of the Vikings in England
Three boatloads of Norwegians arrive off the Dorset coast
791Coenwealh became Bishop of London
793Saturday June 8There was a fierce Viking attack on Lindisfarne
794Eadbald became Bishop of London
794Heathoberht became Bishop of London
794Wednesday January 8The Vikings attacked the monastery of Donemuthan in Northumbria
This was possibly the monastery now known as Jarrow/Wearmouth
796Death of Offa
Ecgferth succeeded as King of Mercia
Death of Ecferth
Succeeded by Coenwulf
800Ecgberht became King of Wessex