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A London Chronology: The Ninth Century

A London Chronology: The Ninth Century
Posted on Jun 17, 2002 – 02:07 AM by Bill McCann

This series of articles presents a basic chronology of London but will also contain references to national events where these are important in the development of the London area. Wherever possible, the precise dates and days of the week on which the events here recorded took place are noted. The series is an organic one and will change frequently as new events or dates are extracted from our sources.


You can either jump to the chronology for a specific century using the following table of links or scroll through the centuries sequentially by following the links at the bottom of the page.
Visit Specific Centuries
[43-500 AD][501-800]
[801-900][901-1000][1001-1100][1101-1200]
[1201-1300][1301-1400][1401-1500][1501-1600]
[1601-1700][1701-1800][1801-1900][1901-2000]

The Ninth Century

The Alfred Jewel which probably dates from 878

YearMonth/DayEvent
802Osmund becomes Bishop of London.
811Aethelnoth become Bishop of London.
821Ceolwulf becomes King of Mercia.
823Beornwulf becomes King of Mercia.
824Ceolberht becomes Bishop of London.
825Ludican becomes King of Mercia.
825Egbert of Wessex defeats Mercia and annexes Kent, Essex, Surrey and Sussex.
London submits to Egbert.
835Tuesday June 1There are heavy Viking raids against the Isle of Sheppey.
The east and south-east bear the brunt of the attacks.
837Tuesday February 2715th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.
839Aethelwulf succeeds Egbert.
842Vikings attack London. There is great slaughter.
850/1The Danish armies make their first wintering in England, on the Isle of Thanet.
851A Viking attack on London causes great destruction.
854The Danish armies winter on the Isle of Sheppey.
858Aethelbald succeeds Aethelwulf as King of Wessex.
860Deorwulf becomes Bishop of London.
860Aethelberht succeeds Aethelwulf as King of Wessex.
860Swithwulf becomes Bishop of London.
865AutumnA large Danish army under the leadership of the sons of Ragnor Lothbroq (Leather-breeches) Ivan the Boneless and Haelfden Ubba, establish a base in East Anglia.
866Aethelred I becomes King of Wessex.
867Sunday March 21The Danes take York.
869Sunday November 20The Danes defeat and kill the East Anglian king, Edmund. This marks the end of native Christian kingship in East Anglia.
Northumbria is now under Danish control through the puppet king Egbert.
870AutumnThe Danes begin their campaign against Wessex and Ethelred.
It lasts for a full year with victories on both sides.
871Monday January 8Ethelred defeated the Danes at Ashdown.
871Monday January 22At the Battle at Basing the Danish army defeated Ethelred of Wessex.
871AprilAlfred succeeds as king of Wessex on the death of Aethelred.
871The West Saxons are defeated at Reading and Wilton and the Danes are now in full control of the Thames estuary and London, which they occupy under Halfdan.
Alfred buys peace.
872Danish coinage issued in London
874Mercia falls to the Danes.
878MarchThe Danes overrun Wessex.
Alfred is forced back to the Somerset marches.
874MayAlfred defeats the Danes at Edington.
He makes a Treaty with Guthrun who agrees to be baptised, taking the Christian name of Aethelstan.
874The Danes regularisetheir territorial settlements in the east and north.
883The English army encamps outside London.
886Heahstan become Bishop of London.
886Wednesday March 9Death of the leading astrologer of the Muslim world,Albumazar.
886Alfred occupies London.
He appoints Ethelred as ealdorman of the borough.
891/2A force of 250 ships sail from Boulogne and land at the estuary of the Lympne.
Over the next three years the Danes attempt to overthrow Alfred’s kingdom but fail to do so.
893The Londoners defeat the Danes at Bemfleet and capture their fleet.
894The Danes pull their ships up the Thames and establish winter quarters on the Lea.
895The Danes built a fort by the Lea, 20 miles above London.
The Londoners attempt to storm it but are driven back.
898A conference of the King’s Council at Chelsea discusses the restoration of London.
898Wulfsige becomes Bishop of London.
899Thursday October 26Death of Alfred. He is succeeded as King of Wessex by his son, Edward the Elder.
899First mention of Queenhithe.