|A London Chronology: The Ninth Century|
Posted on Jun 17, 2002 – 02:07 AM by Bill McCann
This series of articles presents a basic chronology of London but will also contain references to national events where these are important in the development of the London area. Wherever possible, the precise dates and days of the week on which the events here recorded took place are noted. The series is an organic one and will change frequently as new events or dates are extracted from our sources.
You can either jump to the chronology for a specific century using the following table of links or scroll through the centuries sequentially by following the links at the bottom of the page.
|Visit Specific Centuries|
|The Ninth Century|
The Alfred Jewel which probably dates from 878
|802||–||Osmund becomes Bishop of London.|
|811||–||Aethelnoth become Bishop of London.|
|821||–||Ceolwulf becomes King of Mercia.|
|823||–||Beornwulf becomes King of Mercia.|
|824||–||Ceolberht becomes Bishop of London.|
|825||–||Ludican becomes King of Mercia.|
|825||–||Egbert of Wessex defeats Mercia and annexes Kent, Essex, Surrey and Sussex.|
London submits to Egbert.
|835||Tuesday June 1||There are heavy Viking raids against the Isle of Sheppey.|
The east and south-east bear the brunt of the attacks.
|837||Tuesday February 27||15th recorded perihelion passage of Halley’s Comet.|
|839||–||Aethelwulf succeeds Egbert.|
|842||–||Vikings attack London. There is great slaughter.|
|850/1||–||The Danish armies make their first wintering in England, on the Isle of Thanet.|
|851||–||A Viking attack on London causes great destruction.|
|854||–||The Danish armies winter on the Isle of Sheppey.|
|858||–||Aethelbald succeeds Aethelwulf as King of Wessex.|
|860||–||Deorwulf becomes Bishop of London.|
|860||–||Aethelberht succeeds Aethelwulf as King of Wessex.|
|860||–||Swithwulf becomes Bishop of London.|
|865||Autumn||A large Danish army under the leadership of the sons of Ragnor Lothbroq (Leather-breeches) Ivan the Boneless and Haelfden Ubba, establish a base in East Anglia.|
|866||–||Aethelred I becomes King of Wessex.|
|867||Sunday March 21||The Danes take York.|
|869||Sunday November 20||The Danes defeat and kill the East Anglian king, Edmund. This marks the end of native Christian kingship in East Anglia.|
Northumbria is now under Danish control through the puppet king Egbert.
|870||Autumn||The Danes begin their campaign against Wessex and Ethelred.|
It lasts for a full year with victories on both sides.
|871||Monday January 8||Ethelred defeated the Danes at Ashdown.|
|871||Monday January 22||At the Battle at Basing the Danish army defeated Ethelred of Wessex.|
|871||April||Alfred succeeds as king of Wessex on the death of Aethelred.|
|871||–||The West Saxons are defeated at Reading and Wilton and the Danes are now in full control of the Thames estuary and London, which they occupy under Halfdan.|
Alfred buys peace.
|872||–||Danish coinage issued in London|
|874||–||Mercia falls to the Danes.|
|878||March||The Danes overrun Wessex.|
Alfred is forced back to the Somerset marches.
|874||May||Alfred defeats the Danes at Edington.|
He makes a Treaty with Guthrun who agrees to be baptised, taking the Christian name of Aethelstan.
|874||–||The Danes regularisetheir territorial settlements in the east and north.|
|883||–||The English army encamps outside London.|
|886||–||Heahstan become Bishop of London.|
|886||Wednesday March 9||Death of the leading astrologer of the Muslim world,Albumazar.|
|886||–||Alfred occupies London.|
He appoints Ethelred as ealdorman of the borough.
|891/2||–||A force of 250 ships sail from Boulogne and land at the estuary of the Lympne.|
Over the next three years the Danes attempt to overthrow Alfred’s kingdom but fail to do so.
|893||–||The Londoners defeat the Danes at Bemfleet and capture their fleet.|
|894||–||The Danes pull their ships up the Thames and establish winter quarters on the Lea.|
|895||–||The Danes built a fort by the Lea, 20 miles above London.|
The Londoners attempt to storm it but are driven back.
|898||–||A conference of the King’s Council at Chelsea discusses the restoration of London.|
|898||–||Wulfsige becomes Bishop of London.|
|899||Thursday October 26||Death of Alfred. He is succeeded as King of Wessex by his son, Edward the Elder.|
|899||–||First mention of Queenhithe.|