Story Of London

A London Chronology: The Tenth Century

A London Chronology: The Tenth Century
Posted on Jun 17, 2002 – 03:03 AM by Bill McCann

This series of articles presents a basic chronology of London but will also contain references to national events where these are important in the development of the London area. Wherever possible, the precise dates and days of the week on which the events here recorded took place are noted. The series is an organic one and will change frequently as new events or dates are extracted from our sources.

You can either jump to the chronology for a specific century using the following table of links or scroll through the centuries sequentially by following the links at the bottom of the page.

Visit Specific Centuries
[43-500 AD][501-800]

The tenth Century

King Edgar being rowed on the river Dee by 8 tributary princes

943/44Birth of Eadgar.
904There was a Lunar eclipse this year
905Sunday October 20A comet appeared in the heavens.
910Edward and Aethelflaed begin the campaign to reconquer the Danelaw. It is complete by 920.
910Monday August 6thThe English defeat the Danes at Tettenhall.
911Edward the Elder takes control of London.
919The Norse kingdom of York is founded by Raegnald.
924Edward the Elder is succeeded by his younger son Aethelstan.
926Theodred becomes Bishop of London.
927The Aurora Borealis is visible in the northern skies.
935TheJudicia Civitatis Lundoniae is established.
935London has its first recorded portreeve, either Alfeah Stybb or Brithnoth Oddason.
937Aethelstan defeats the Norse, the Scotti (Irish) and the Strathclyde Welsh at Brunanburgh.
939Tuesday October 27Aethelstan dies and is succeeded by his son Edmund.
940Dunstan begins the re-foundation of Glastonbury as a regular monastic house.
946Edmund is assassinated and is succeeded by Eadred.
949First mention of Billingsgate.
951Charter of Edgar defines the boundaries of the jurisdiction of the Abbey of Westminster. This Charter also includes the first reference to the church of St Andrew Holborn.
951-9The river above Holborn bridge acquires the name “Holeburne”, the river in the hollow, because of the steepness of the river banks in this area.
952Eric Bloodaxe regains York from Olaf.
953Brythelm becomes Bishop of London.
954The last King of York, Eric Bloodaxe, is driven out by the Northumbrians.
955Eadred dies at the Royal Palace in Frome and is succeeded by his elder nephew, the fifteen-year old Edwig in Wessex.
His younger nephew Eadgar is Prince of Mercia and Northumberland.
955Edwig leaves the coronation banquet to be with his intended queen, Elgifu, and her mother. An outraged Dunstan and another prelate forcibly drag him back to the table.

Dunstan demands that Edwig return to the coronation banquet.

956Dunstan was banished from the kingdom. He went to the monastery of Blandinium in Ghent.
959Edwig dies and Eadgar adds Wessex to his dominion.
959Dunstan is recalled and becomes Bishop of London.
960Aelfstan becomes Bishop of Londonwhen Dunstan is translated to Canterbury.
961A double misfortune hit London this year. A severe pestilence ravaged the citizens and was followed by the First Great Fire which destroyed much of the City including St Paul’s.
970TheRegularis Concordia, the Agreement concerning the Rule followed by the monks and nuns of the English Nation was published. It introduced many of the continental reforms into the monastic life in England.
973Sunday May 11Eadgar is crowned as King of England and Lord (Emperor) of Britain at Bath. He receives the submission of the British princes.
975Wednesday July 18Eadgar dies suddenly and is succeeded by his elder son, the fifteen-year old Eadward II.
978Queenhithe is rebuilt and called Aethelredshythe. The survival of the Roman riverside wall to this date is mentioned.
979Monday March 18Eadward (The Martyr) is murdered at Corfe castle by retainers of his young half-brother who succeeds him as Aethelred II (The Unready).
980The Danes renew their attacks on London.
982The Second Great Fire destroys London.
990First mention of the husting of London.
991The Danes defeat Alderman Brythnoth and the Essex levies at Maldon. A treaty is made between England and Normandy.
992The English fleet collects in London Pool. Bishop Aelfstan is named as one of the Admirals.
994Saturday September 8A fleet of ninety four Danish ships under Olaf Tryggvesson and Sweyn Forkbeard attack London but are repulsed by the Londoners. This is the First Siege of London.
995A Comet appeared in the heavens
996Wulfstan becomes Bishop of London.
1000Charter of Ethelred II draws the boundary of the jurisdiction of the Abbey of Westminster some distance to the west of that drawn by Edgar. The present City boundary would fit the wording of these limits and there is no evidence of any later changes.