|December Week 2|
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 – 06:38 AM by Bill McCann
This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Second week of December. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the Second week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.The Outside London section offers daily updates on a range of political, cultural, scientific and religious events and anniversaries in History and which had, in one way or another, an effect on London Life.Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.First WeekThird WeekFinal WeekLondon and Londoners8th1859, Thursday December 8, Death of the author Thomas de Quincey.
1868, Tuesday December 8, The Echo was launched as the first 1/2d daily. It ceased publication in 1905.
1868, Tuesday December 8, The first traffic light in London was erected at the junction of Bridge Street and Great George Street near the Palace of Westminster.
1941, Monday December 8, The USA, Britain, and Australia declared war on Japan, one day after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
1964, Tuesday December 8, Death of the retailer Simon Marks.9th1539, Tuesday December 9, Geoffrey and Henry Pole, Courtenay and Sir Edward Neville were beheaded on Tower Hill.
1608, Friday December 9, Birth of the poet John Milton in Bread Street, Cheapside.
1621, Sunday December 9, The Fortune Theatre was destroyed by fire in less than two hours.
1783, Tuesday December 9, The first hanging took place at the newly rebuilt Newgate Prison.
1814, Friday December 9, Death of the inventor of the hydraulic press Joseph Bramah.
1868, Wednesday December 9, Gladstone was elected prime minister for the first of his four terms.
1882, Saturday December 9, The Novelty Theatre in Great Queen Street, later the Kingsway Theatre, was opened.
1892, Friday December 9, The first play by George Bernard Shaw, Widower’s Houses opened at the Royalty Theatre, Dean Street, and was panned by the critics.
1964, Wednesday December 9, Death of the poet and author Edith Sitwell.
1992, Wednesday December 9, The separation of the Prince and Princess of Wales was announced.10th1307, Sunday December 10, Edward II wrote to the pope to say that he could see no credence in the charges against the Templars.
1768, Saturday December 10, The Royal Academy of Arts was founded by George III, with Joshua Reynolds as its first president.
1845, Wednesday December 10, Pneumatic tyres were patented by the civil engineer Robert Thompson.
1877, Monday December 10, Wren’s magnificent Temple Bar, the barrier between the City of London and Westminster at the west end of Fleet Street, was demolished. It was re-erected by Sir Henry Meux in the grounds of his house, Theobald’s Park, Hertfordshire.
1960, Saturday December 10, Birth of the actor and director Kenneth Branagh.
1994, Saturday December 10, Death of the Conservative politician Keith Joseph.11th1653, Sunday December 11, Oliver Cromwell accepted parliament’s The Instrument of Government.
1769, Monday December 11, Edward Beran of London patented venetian blinds.
1929, Wednesday December 11, Birth of the choreographer Kenneth MacMillan.
1936, Friday December 11, Edward VIII abdicated and was succeeded by his younger brother George VI.
1997, Thursday December 11, Death of the safecracker and double agent Eddie Chapman.12th1882, Tuesday December 12, The City of London School opened its new buildings on Victoria embankment.
1896, Saturday December 12, Guglielmo Marconi gave the first public demonstration of radio at Toynbee Hall, London.
1955, Monday December 12, The engineer Christopher Cockerell patented the first hovercraft.
1991, Thursday December 12, Robert Maxwell’s business empire collapsed with huge debts and revelations about misappropriation of money in pension funds13th1577, Friday December 13, Francis Drake began his circumnavigation of the world in the Golden Hind.
1650, Friday December 13, Death of the dramatist and historian Thomas May.
1771, Friday December 13, As a result of a dispute between insurers and shipping merchants, Lloyd’s Insurance was established by 79 men with the following announcement: “We, the underwriters do agree to pay our several subscriptions into the Bank of England in the Names of a Committee to be chosen by ballot for the building of a New Lloyd’s Coffee House.”
1784, Monday December 13, Death of the lexicographer Dr Samuel Johnson at his house in Bolt Court off Fleet Street.
1867, Friday December 13, A Fenian explosion outside the Clerkenwell House of detention blew a hole in the prison wall, demolished houses across the street and killed 17 people.
1904, Tuesday December 13, The Metropolitan Underground railway line went electric.
1973, Thursday December 13, The government ordered a three-day working week because of the coal miner’s strike.14th1307, Thursday December 14, Edward II received the Papal Bull Pastoralis praeeeminentiae which authorised the arrest of the Templars in the name of the papacy.
1558, Wednesday December 14, The funeral of Mary I took place in London.
1685, Monday December 14, William Wycherley’s The Plain Dealer was performed at Court
1835, Monday December 14, St James’ Theatre, King Street, owned by the tenor John Braham, opened with a Burletta and two farces.
1836, Wednesday December 14, The London and Greenwich railway opened its first terminus at London Bridge.
1861, Saturday December 14, Death of Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria.
1866, Friday December 14, Birth of the painter and critic Roger Fry.
1895, Saturday December 14, Birth of George VI.
1918, Sunday December 14, For the first time in Britain women (aged over 30) voted in a General Election.
1947, Sunday December 14, Death of the politician Stanley Baldwin.Outside London8th1542, Friday December 8, The birth of Mary Queen of Scots, daughter of James V of Scotland.
1863, Tuesday December 8, At Woodhurst, Kent, Tom King of England defeated American John Heenan, becoming the first world heavyweight champion.
1903, Tuesday December 8, Death of the philosopher and writer Herbert Spencer.9th1531, Saturday December 9, The Virgin of Guadalupe appeared to an indigenous native boy in Mexico.
1917, Sunday December 9, The British captured Jerusalem from the Turks.
1960, Friday December 9, The first episode of Coronation Street was screened on ITV.10th1610, Monday December 10, Birth of the Dutch painter Adriaen van Ostade.
1822, Tuesday December 10, Birth of the composer César Franck.
1941, Wednesday December 10, The Royal Naval battleships Prince of Wales and Repulse were sunk by Japanese aircraft in the Battle of Malaya.
1987, Wednesday December 10, Death of the violinist Jascha Heifetz.
1991, Tuesday December 10, The leaders of the 12 EC nations agreed on the treaty of Maastricht, pledging closer political and economic union.11th1282, Friday December 11, Death of the last native Prince of Wales Llewlyn ap Gruffydd.
1543, Tuesday December 11, The Scottish parliament renounced the Treaty of Greenwich
1997, Thursday December 11, Delegates at the Kyoto, Japan, conference on global warming agreed to cut emission of greenhouse gases by 5.2% from 1990 levels during the years 2008 and 2012.12th1574, Sunday December 12, Birth of Anne of Denmark, queen of James Vi and I.
1889, Thursday December 12, Death of the poet Robert Browning.13th1903, Sunday December 13, Birth of the painter and writer John Piper.
1942, Sunday December 13, Birth of the dramatist Howard Brenton.
1983, Tuesday December 13, Death of the novelist Mary Renault.14th1503, Thursday December 14, The birth of Nostradamus.
1542, Thursday December 14, The death of James V of Scotland.
1553, Thursday December 14, The birth of Henri de Navarre later Henri IV of France.
1640, Monday December 14, The novelist Aphra Behn (née Amis Johnson) was Baptised in Harbledown near Canterbury.