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December Week 3

December Week 3
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 – 06:40 AM by Bill McCann

This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Third week of December. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.


Daily updates on Events during the Third week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.First WeekSecond WeekFinal WeekLondon and Londoners15th1720, Thursday December 15 , John Potter announced that construction of his “New Theatre in Haymarket” was complete and awaited “daily expected” actors from Paris to begin the presentation of French Comedies.
1870, Thursday December 15, The London School Board, set up under the Elementary Education Act, held its first meeting.
1881, Thursday December 15, The new Leadenhall Market, now restored, was opened.
1906, Saturday December 15, The Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (Piccadilly Line) began operating. It was the longest underground line of the time, running from Finsbury Park to Hammersmith.
1913, Monday December 15, Suffragette’s caused a dynamite explosion at Holloway Prison where Emmeline Pankhurst and Lady Constance Lytton were detained.
1962, Saturday December 15, Death of the actor Charles Laughton.
1993, Wednesday December 15, The prime ministers of Britain and the Republic of Ireland (John Major and Albert Reynolds) made the ‘Downing Street Declaration’, stating the basis for trying to achieve peace in Northern Ireland.16th1584, Wednesday December 16, Birth of the Jurist and antiquary John Selden.
1653, Friday December 16, Oliver Cromwell was appointed Lord Protector of England.
1788, Tuesday December 16, Rebuilding began on the church of St James Clerkenwell. A special commemorative medallion showing both the old and projected new church was struck for the occasion
1824, Thursday December 16, Trinity Church off Blackfriars Road, designed by Francis Bedford, was consecrated
1889, Monday December 16, Birth of the dramatist, actor and composer Noël Coward
1897, Thursday December 16, The widely popular actor William Terriss was stabbed to death by a deranged actor outside the Adelphi Theatre.
1996, Monday December 16, The government ordered the slaughter of an additional 100,000 cows in an effort to persuade the EU to lift its ban on British beef because of the BSE crisis.17th1660, Monday December 17, Andrew Marvell, the MP for Hull, petitioned the House of Commons for the release of John Milton from custody.
1707, Wednesday December 17 , The worst known flooding of Dagenham, covering 1000 acres, was caused by neglect of, and inefficient repairs to, a protective sluice.
1843, Sunday December 17, A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens was published.
1884, Wednesday December 17, The Theatre Royal Stratford East opened with a Bulwer-Lytton play about Cardinal Richelieu.
1888, Monday December 17, The Lyric Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue, designed by C J Phipps, was opened.
1917, Monday December 17, Death of Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, first English female physician.
1936, Thursday December 17, Birth of the popular singer and actor Tommy Steele.18th1607, Friday December 18, “The Great Frost” began when the Thames above London Bridge remained frozen for six weeks.
1679, Thursday December 18, John Dryden was set upon by Rochester’s men outside the Lamb and Cross.
1779, Saturday December 18, Birth of the first clown Joseph Grimaldi.
1890, Thursday December 18, The first tunnelled tube line, between Stockwell and King William Street, was opened.
1902, Thursday December 18, The London Water Bill established the Metropolitan Water Board which took control of water supplies in the capital.
1919, Thursday December 18, Death of the aviator John Alcock.
1957, Wednesday December 18, Death of the author Dorothy L Sayers.
1969, Thursday December 18, The death penalty for murder was abolished in Britain.
1973, Tuesday December 18, The IRA launched its Christmas bombing campaign in London.
1993, Saturday December 18, Death of the US actor Sam Wanamaker, the driving force behind the controversial replica of the Globe theatre on today’s Bankside.19th1154, Sunday December 19, Coronation of Henry II.
1606, Friday December 19, The fleet carrying the first English colonists left Blackwall for Virginia.
1851, Friday December 19, Death of the painter J M W Turner.
1957, Thursday December 19, An air service between London and Moscow was inaugurated.
1984, Wednesday December 19, Ted Hughes was appointed as the 18th poet laureate.20th1649, Thursday December 20, The Puritan suppression of all stage plays began.
1784, Monday December 20, Samuel Johnson was buried in Poet’s Corner, Westminster Abbey.
1909, Monday December 20, Arding and Hobbs, department store at Clapham was destroyed by fire.
1926, Monday December 20, Birth of the politician Geoffrey Howe.
1983 Tuesday December 20, Death of the photographer Bill Brandt.21st1118, Saturday December 21, Birth of Thomas a Becket, future Archbishop of Canterbury and martyr, in Cheapside.
1400, Tuesday December 21 , The Greek emperor, Manuel Palaiologos, seeking English aid in his war with the Turks, was met at Blackheath by Henry IV and conveyed to Eltham Palace where he stayed for two months.
1497, Thursday December 21 , Shene Palace, in which the royal family were spending Christmas, was destroyed by fire. Later, £20 was paid “for rewardes yeven to them that found the King’s juels at Shene.”
1545, Monday December 21 , William Cecil, future leader of Elizabeth I’s Council, married Mildred Cooke.
1791, Wednesday December 21, Richmond House in Whitehall was destroyed by fire. It had been used by the Duke of Richmond to exhibit his collection of antiques for the education of suitable connoisseurs.
1804, Friday December 21, Birth of the statesman Benjamin Disraeli.
1824, Monday December 21, Death of the neurologist James Parkinson.
1842, Wednesday December 21, Pentonville Prison, Islington was opened.
1864, Wednesday December 21, The London, Chatham and Dover Railway opened the grand St Paul’s station between Blackfriars and Ludgate Hill.
1892, Wednesday December 21, Shaw’s play at the Royalty was replaced by the farce Charley’s Aunt which was an instant success.
1897, Tuesday December 21, The funeral of the murdered actor William Terriss at Brompton was attended by a large crowd of grieving theatre-goers.
1900, Friday December 21, The Camden Theatre was opened by Ellen Terry.
1905, Thursday December 21, Birth of the novelist Anthony Powell.Outside London15th1610, Saturday December 15, Birth of the Flemish painter David Teniers II.
1674, Tuesday December 15, Death of the Dutch painter Jan Vermeer.
1683, Saturday December 15, Death of the author Izaak Walton at Winchester.
1734, Sunday December 15, Birth of the painter George Romney.
1936, Tuesday December 15, Birth of the novelist Edna O’Brien.
1959, Monday December 15, Death of the painter Stanley Spencer.
1982, Wednesday December 15, Gibraltar’s frontier with Spain was opened to pedestrian use after 13 years of closure.16th1485, Friday December 16, Birth of Catherine of Aragon, first wife of Henry VIII.
1775, Saturday December 16, Birth of the novelist Jane Austen.
1921, Friday December 16, Death of the composer Camille Saint-Saëns.
1965, Thursday December 16, Death of the novelist William Somerset Maugham.17th1559, Sunday December 17, Matthew Parker was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.
1749, Sunday December 17, Birth of the Italian composer Domenico Cimarosa.
1778, Friday December 17, Birth of the chemist and inventor Humphry Davy.18th1564, Monday December 18, Death of the Italian artist Michelangelo Buonarotti in Rome.
1619, Saturday December 18, Birth of Prince Rupert, son of the Elector Palatine and Princess Elizabeth.
1633, Wednesday December 18, Birth of the Dutch painter Willem van de Velde II.
1707, Thursday December 18, Birth of the hymnwriter Charles Wesley at Epworth, Lincolnshire
1912, Wednesday December 18, The discovery of the Piltdown Man in East Sussex was announced.
1980, Thursday December 18, Death of the dramatist Ben Travers.
1990, Tuesday December 18, Death of the cellist Paul Tortelier.19th1562, Saturday December 19, The Huguenots, under Conde, were heavily defeated at the Battle of Dreux.
1848, Tuesday December 19, Death of the novelist Emily Bronte.
1790, Sunday December 19, Birth of the Arctic explorer William Edward Parry.
1902, Friday December 19, Birth of the actor Ralph Richardson.
1984, Wednesday December 19, Britain and China signed an agreement in Beijing, in which Britain agreed to transfer full sovereignty of Hong Kong to China in 1997.20th1952, Saturday December 20, Birth of the actress Jenny Agutter.
1954, Monday December 20, Death of the novelist James Hilton.
1982, Monday December 20, Death of the pianist Artur Rubinstein.21st1901, Saturday December 21, Birth of the actor Robin Irvine.
1944, Thursday December 21, Birth of the conductor Michael Tilson-Thomas.
1948, Tuesday December 21, Legislation to establish the Republic of Ireland was passed by the Dublin Parliament.
1953, Monday December 21, Birth of the pianist Andras Schiff.
1957, Saturday December 21, Death of the composer Eric Coates.
1992, Monday December 21, Death of the violinist Nathan Milstein.