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England’s Queen Mother: Part 2: Her Ancestral Tree

England’s Queen Mother: Part 2: Her Ancestral Tree (Updated April 3rd)
by Elisabeth Emmick

Just as the Queen Mother’s life spanned the entire last century of the second millennium, so her ancestral tree spans the entirety of the millennium itself. Her roots go back to the House of Atholl and David I of Scotland.This, the second article in our major series about a remarkable woman sets out this genealogy of a millennium. Here forebears included a number of colourful characters many of whom were involved in the dangerous politics of their times. Politics were not as treacherous in her own time of course, but they still provided this Queen of England with a number of major challenges.

England’s Queen Mother: Part 2: Her Ancestral Tree

Farewell Ma’am

The Queen Mother, Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, was born into a Landed Scottish family on August 4th 1900. She was born in Hertfordshire but taken to the family seat, Glamis Castle, near Dundee in Scotland for her christening. Four years later, her father inherited the family title and became the 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. Glamis then became her principal home. The family traces its roots back to the House of Atholl. One of her earliest forebears was Malcolm Cannmore (c.1031-1093). He was a child when his father, Duncan, was murdered by Macbeth in 1040. Malcolm, slew Macbeth in 1057 and became King of Scotland. Her line descends through his fifth son, David I, who reigned as King of Scotland between 1124 and 1153. Thus, her genealogy, summarised below, spans the entire last Millennium just as her life spanned the entire last century of it.

The Queen Mother’s Lineage

Malcolm III (Cannmore)
1031-1093
m 2. Margaret
¦
David I
1084-1153
m Matilda
¦
Henry Earl of Huntingdon
d. 1152
m Ada de Warenne
¦
David Earl of Huntingdon
1144-1219
m Matilda
¦
Isabellam Robert De Bruce, Lord of Annandale
¦
Robert Bruce of Annandale
1210-1295
m Euphemia
¦
Robert Bruce
1242-1304
m Marjorie Countess of Carrick
¦
Robert I ‘The Bruce’>
1274-1329
m 1. Isabella of Mar
¦
Marjorie Bruce
d. 1316
m Walter
6t High Steward of Scotland
1293-1326
¦
Robert II
1316-1390
m 1. Elizabeth Mure
d. before 1355
¦
Jean Stewartm 2. Sir John Lyon of Forteviot
d. 1382
¦
Sir John Lyon
d. 1435
m Elizabeth Graham
¦
Patrick Lyon, 1st Lord Glamis
d. 1459
m Isabella Ogilvy
¦
John, 3rd Lord Glamis
d. 1497
m Elizabeth Scrimgeour
¦
John, 4th Lord Glamis
d. 1500
m Elizabeth Gray
¦
John, 6th Lord Glamis
1491-1528
m Janet Douglas
d. 1528
¦
John, 7th Lord Glamis
d. 1558
m Janet Keith
¦
John, 8th Lord Glamis
d. 1578
m Elizabeth Salton
¦
Patrick, 9th Lord Glamis
1575-1615
m Anne Murray
¦
John, 2nd Earl of Kinghorne
d. 1647
m Lady Elizabeth Maule
¦
Patrick, 3rd Earl of Kinghorne
d. 1695
m Helen
¦
John, 4th Earl of Kinghorne
d. 1712
m Lady Elizabeth Stanhope
¦
Thomas, 8th Earl Kinghorne
1704-1753
m Jean Nicholson
¦
1. John 9th Earl of Strathmore & Kinghorne
1737-1776
m Mary Eleanor Bowes
1749-1800
¦
Thomas, 11th Earl of Strathmore & Kinghorne
d. 1846
m Mary Carpenter
d. 1811
¦
George, Lord Glamism Charlotte Grimstead
¦
Claude (Bowes-Lyon) 13th Earl of Strathmore
1824-1904
m Francis Smith
1833-1922
¦
Claude (Bowes-Lyon) 14th Earl of Strathmore
1855-1944
m Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck
1862-1938
¦
Lady Elizabeth
1900- 2002

There are a number of colourful characters in this list, many of them involved in the dangerous politics of their times. The next article in the series will explore some of these and thus set the stage for the upcoming articles on the life and times of the Lady Elizabeth herself. If you would like to be notified of the latest articles in the series as soon as they appear please feel free to subscribe for regular free updates here .

You can either jump to specific articles in the series or scroll through them sequentially using the following sets of links:>

The funeral arrangementsHer Celtic AncestryHer Bruce AncestryThe Grand Ceremonial ProcessionThe Lying in State
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