|Historical Anecdotes: Q|
by Anthony Waldstock
This is a series of articles that has grown out of the daily listings of what happened “On This Day”. Many of the events, particularly those related to science, seemed to us to need some more information than is possible in the daily listing format. Still others had amusing or informative anecdotes associated with them that we felt were worth sharing with our readers. The series is designed for browsing and dipping into and we have therefore set up a comprehensive system of links to make this as easy and as enjoyable as possible.
Historical Anecdotes: Q
by Anthony Waldstock
This series of articles will present occasional anecdotal, amusing and factual notes behind the people and events on the This Day in History digests. Entries are determined by the daily posting of events in history with the first entries appearing for March 10th and are arranged alphabetically. With the steady increase of material, each letter of the alphabet now (April 17th 2002) has its own page. People are indexed according to their family or surnames whereas kings, popes, emperors etc. are listed according to their regnal names– e.g. Charles Boycott would be found under B, Pope Gregory under G and Queen Mary Tudor under M. Other items are indexed by the most significant word in the title, for example Artificial Ice will be found under I but Sad Iron will be found under S.
Links back to the monthly digests for “This Day in History” can be found at the bottom of the introductory page but each of the entries on the other pages will have a link to take you back to the specific date with which it is associated. Note that if you have come here from the Background Briefings link on the Home page, you can go back there by clicking on the site Masthead above. When appropriate, there are additional links back to other referring pages on the site such as the People of London page.
Within the series there are two sets of links. At the top of each page there will be a table of links to the other indexing letters to allow browsing by individual pages. At the bottom of each page you will also find a set of links which will allow you to scroll backward (Previous) and forward (next) through the pages. The pages are looped so the “Previous” link from A will be to Z and the “Next” link from Z will be to A. There will also be a central link back to this introduction page whose main content is an alphabetic list of the complete set of entries. From there, you will be able to browse the titles of the individual entries and jump directly to those that interest you. By definition, the number of entries will augment on a daily basis so it is worth checking back there frequently.
|Links to Entries by Index Letter|
In 1984, the cloning of DNA sequences from an extinct animal was reported. The animal was the quagga, a brown, horselike beast with zebra stripes on the front of its body. It was indigenous in South Africa until it was exterminated by hunters in the early 19th century. Using samples from a quagga skin in a German museum, three scientists managed to extract enough DNA from the animal’s flesh to determine some of its sequences of “base pairs,” the molecules whose bonding links the two spiral halves of a DNA molecule. The results suggested that the quagga DNA was more closely related to that of the the zebra than of the horse.Return to This Day in History
Quarks The quark is an elementary particle, one of the fundamental constituents of all matter in the universe. They exist in the nucleus of the atom and are involved in the processes which keep the nucleus form falling apart. This gives rise to one of the four fundamental forces in nature – the Strong Force. The theory explaining the properties and function of quarks can seem quite strange as it talks of strangeness, flavours and colours but these are just labels to differentiate between the minutely different electrochemical properties of individual particles. It is impossible for a quark to exist in isolation except, perhaps, at the temperatures which existed in the early universe.
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