|November Week 2|
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 – 06:26 AM by Bill McCann
This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Second week of November. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the First week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.The Outside London section offers daily updates on a range of political, cultural, scientific and religious events and anniversaries in History and which had, in one way or another, an effect on London Life.Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.First WeekThird WeekFinal WeekLondon and Londoners8th1656, Saturday November 8, Birth of the astronomer Edmond Halley.
1674, Sunday November 8, Death of the poet John Milton, whose masterpiece Paradise Lost was almost turned into pulp by a bookseller. He was buried in his father’s grave at St Giles without Cripplegate. The location of the grave was subsequently lost and in 1790 a felonious attempt to locate it and disinter his bones was unsuccessful.
1847, Monday November 8, Birth of the Irish writer Bram Stoker.
1865, Wednesday November 8, Death of the bare-knuckle pugilist Tom Sayers He was born in Pimlico and known as the Napoleon of the Prize Ring.
1885, Sunday November 8, Following numerous cases of rabies, the police ordered that all dogs within 6 miles of London were to be muzzled and kept on a leash.9th1462, Tuesday November 9, The City Corporation obtained a charter granting it jurisdiction over Southwark and its Fair. The fair went on to become second only to the great Bartholomew Fair at Smithfield. It originally lasted for three days but gradualloy became a two-week event. By 1720 it was famous for “shows as drolls puppet shows rope-dancing music booths and tippling houses”.
1671, Thursday November 9, The first performance at William Davenant’s new theatre in Dorset Gardens south of Fleet Street took place. The theatre known as the Duke’s Theatre was built by Wren and the first production was Dryden’s sir Martin Mar-All which sold out for three days.
1837, Thursday November 9, Moses Montefiore became the first Jew to be knighted in England.
1841, Tuesday November 9, Birth of Edward VII.
1859, Wednesday November 9, Flogging in the British army was abolished.
1870, Wednesday November 9, The Lord mayor’s Show passed along the recently competed Victoria Embankment for the first time.
1911, Thursday November 9, The Victoria Palace theatre opened as a Music Hall on the site of the Royal Standard Music Hall. The new building was graced by a statue of the ballerina Anna Pavlova who superstitiously refused to look at it whenever she passed.
1880, Tuesday November 9, Birth of the architect Giles Gilbert Scott.
1937, Tuesday November 9, Death of the statesman James Ramsay MacDonald.
1940, Saturday November 9, Death of the statesman Neville Chamberlain.
1965, Tuesday November 9, Capital punishment was abolished in Britain.10th1697, Wednesday November 10, Birth of the painter and engraver William Hogarth.
1852, Wednesday November 10, The body of the Duke of Wellington was brought in state from Walmer to the Royal Hospital Chelsea.
1862, Monday November 10, The first Lambeth Bridge was opened. It spanned the river at the site of the old horseferry and was a suspension bridge designed by Peter William Barlow.
1880, Wednesday November 10, Birth of the sculptor Jacob Epstein.
1976, Wednesday November 10, In the House of Commons there were ties on each of four motions to disagree with House of Lords amendments to the Dock Work Regulation Bill. In each case the speaker George Thomas voted with the Ayes and the motions were carried.
1979, Saturday November 10, Death of the novelist Dennis Wheatley.11th1431, Sunday November 11, The Bridgetine community moved from its badly drained lands at Syon in Twickenham to a new Convent at Isleworth. The house became one of the richest in England. The present Syon House incorporates much of the original building.
1688, Sunday November 11, Anti Catholic mobs broke into St John’s Clerkenwell and riots took place across London for the next four weeks. On December 12th James II accepted the reality of his situation and escaped from London.
1790, Thursday November 11, Chrysanthemums were introduced into England from China.
1921, Friday November 11, The British Legion held its first Poppy Day to raise money for wounded World War I veterans.
1936, Wednesday November 11, Death of the composer Edward German.
1992, Wednesday November 11, The Church of England General Synod voted to allow women to be ordained to the priesthood.12th1035, Wednesday November 12, Death of Knut king of England and Denmark. See also The Queens of England: Ymma.
1538, Tuesday November 12, Blackfriars friary was dissolved and its possessions seized by the crown.
1538, Tuesday November 12, Austin Friars friary was dissolved and its possessions seized by the crown.
1696, Thursday November 12, At a meeting at tom’s coffee House in St martin’s lane the Hand in Hand Insurance company was founded. It was originally known as the contributors for Insuring House Chambers or Rooms from Loss by Fire by Amicable Contributions but soon adopted the more convenient name.
1841, Friday November 12, The Jewish Chronicle was founded. It is the oldest Jewish newspaper in the world.
1865, Sunday November 12, Death of the English novelist Elizabeth Gaskell.
1974, Tuesday November 12, For the first time since the 1840s a salmon was caught in the Thames.
1974, Tuesday November 12, Lord Lucan disappeared from London after the murder of his children’s nanny.13th1002, Thursday November 13, The Massacre of the Danes in the southern counties of England took place by order of Ethelred II (The Unready). See alsoThe Queens of England: Ymma.
1511, Thursday November 13, Henry VIII joined the Holy League and thus entered European politics.
1761, Friday November 13, Birth General John Moore.
1851, Thursday November 13, The telegraphservice between London and Paris began operating.
1852, Saturday November 13, Large crowds gathered at Chelsea Royal Hospital to file past the body of Wellington as it lay in state. They queued for as much as five hours and in the crush thirteen people lost their lives.
1856, Thursday November 13, The Houses of Parliament clock with, the bell of Big Ben, was first tested in Palace Yard.
1887, Sunday November 13, A prohibited march on Westminster by left-wing and Irish demonstrators ended in riots which were quelled by the Life Guards. Two people died and 100 were injured in what became known as Bloody Sunday.
1911, Monday November 13, The London Opera House in Portugal Street opened. Built by Oscar Hammerstein in competition with Covent Garden it was never a success and became a cinema in 1917.
1979, Tuesday November 13, Publication of The Times and The Sunday Times resumed after an interruption of a year due to disagreement over union representation.
1987, Friday November 13, With a view to encouraging ‘safe sex’ or AIDS prevention the BBC screened its first condom commercial – without a brand name!14th1501, Sunday November 14, Prince Arthur the Prince of Wales was married to Katharine of Aragon at St Paul’s. They were both 15 years old and were not allowed to cohabit. Six months later Arthur died of the The Sweating sickness. It was this marriage which Henry VIII used as his excuse to divorce Katherine and Marry Ann Boleyn in 1533.
1581, Tuesday November 14, The Jesuit Thomas Campion who had entered England in secret was tried for sedition at Westminster Hall. Elizabeth I offered him his life but the terms were such that he felt compelled to refuse. The evidence against his was extremely weak but the packed jury found him guilty. He was executed at Tyburn on December 1st.
1687, Monday November 14, Death of Nell Gwyn actress and mistress of Charles II.
1896, Saturday November 14, The speed limit for motor vehicles in Britain was raised from 4 mph to 14 mph.
1908, Monday November 14, The Illustrated Weekly Budget was launched as ‘The only 1d newspaper in the world printed in colour’. Only seven issues were published.
1948, Sunday November 14, Birth of Charles the Prince of Wales.
1983, Monday November 14, Defence Secretary Michael Heseltine announced the arrival of the first Cruise missiles at Greenham Common.Outside London8th1793, Friday November 8, The Louvre was opened to the public by the Revolutionary government although only part of the collection could be viewed.
1864, Tuesday November 8, Abraham Lincoln was re-elected American president.
1866, Thursday November 8, Birth of the motor-car manufacturer Herbert Austin.
1895, Friday November 8, William Röntgen discovered X-rays during an experiment at the University of Wurzburg.
1923, Thursday November 8, Hitler led his unsuccessful rising in Munich known as the Beer Hall Putsch.
1960, Tuesday November 8, Democrat John F Kennedy was elected American president.
1987, Sunday November 8, An IRA bomb went off in Eniskillen Co Fermanagh shortly before a Remembrance Day service killing 11 people.9th1818, Monday November 9, Birth of the Russian dramatist Ivan Turgenev.
1908, Monday November 9, Britain’s first woman mayor Elizabeth Garrett Anderson was elected at Aldeburgh.
1909, Sunday November 9, Birth of the American film actress Katherine Hepburn.
1953, Monday November 9, Death of the poet Dylan Thomas.
1970, Monday November 9, Death of the French statesman Charles de Gaulle.
1989, Thursday November 9, East Germany announced the opening of its border with West Germany.10th461, Friday November 10, Death of Pope Leo I (the Great).
1483, Monday November 10, Birth of the German Protestant reformer Martin Luther.
1668, Tuesday November 10, Birth of the French composer François Couperin.
1759, Monday November 10, Birth of the German poet and dramatist Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller.
1862, Monday November 10, The first performance of Giuseppe Verdi’s opera La Forza del Destino was held in St Petersburg.
1871, Friday November 10, Henry Morton Stanley who had been sent to track down missing explorer David Livingstone met him at Ujiji on Lake Tanganyika.
1891, Tuesday November 10, Death of the poet Arthur Rimbaud.
1928, Saturday November 10, Hirohito was crowned Emperor of Japan at the age of 27.
1938, Thursday November 10, Kristallnacht or ‘night of (broken) glass’ took place when Nazis burned 267 synagogues and destroyed thousands of Jewish homes and businesses in Germany.
1938, Thursday November 10, Death of the Turkish statesman Mustapha Kemal Atatürk.
1982, Wednesday November 10, Death of the Soviet political leader Leonid Brezhnev.
1989, Friday November 10, Bulldozers began demolishing the 28-year-old Berlin Wall following the government’s announcement that it would allow free travel between East and West Germany.11th1729, Tuesday November 11, Birth of the French navigator Louis Antoine de Bougainville.
1821, Sunday November 11, Birth of the Russian author Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky.
1855, Sunday November 11, Death of the Danish philosopher Sören Kierkegaard.
1880, Thursday November 11, Death of the Australian outlaw Ned Kelly.
1883, Sunday November 11, Birth of the conductor Ernest Ansermet.
1918, Monday November 11, The armistice was signed between the Allies and Germany in Compiègne France effectively ending World War I.
1940, Monday November 11, The Willys-Overland Company launched a four-wheel drive vehicle for the American Army named ‘Jeep’ after GP (general purpose).
1945, Sunday November 11, Death of the American composer Jerome Kern.
1952, Tuesday November 11, The first video recorder was demonstrated in Beverly Hills California by its inventors John Mullin and Wayne Johnson.
1965, Thursday November 11, Ian Smith prime minister of Rhodesia unilaterally declared his country’s independence from Britain.
1986, Tuesday November 11, Death of the Russian leader Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov.
1997, Tuesday November 11, The Shetland Times versus the Shetland News became Scotland’s test case on Internet links. It was settled out of court when it was agreed that under certain conditions the News would be allowed to link to stories on the Times’s website.12th1660, Monday November 12, John Bunyan was arrested for preaching without a licence. He refused to give up preaching and was kept in Bedford jail for 12 years.
1793, Tuesday November 12, Death of the French astronomer John Sylvan.
1833, Tuesday November 12, Russian Birth of the composer Alexander Borodin.
1840, Thursday November 12, Birth of the French sculptor Auguste Rodin.
1847, Friday November 12, The first public demonstration of the use of chloroform as an anaesthetic was given by James Simpson at the University of Edinburgh.
1859, Saturday November 12, Jules Léotard the daring young man on the flying trapeze made his debut at the Cirque Napoléon in Paris. See alsoThe First Circus.
1912, Tuesday November 12, The remains of English explorer Robert Scott and his companions were found in Antarctica.
1944, Sunday November 12, The RAF bombed and sank the Tirpitz the last of the major German battleships.
1947, November 12, Death of the English novelist Baroness Orczy.
1981, Thursday November 12, The American shuttle Columbia became the first reusable crewed spacecraft by making its second trip.
1996, Tuesday November 12, The European Court of Justice ordered Britain to enforce an EU policy mandating a maximum 48-hour week and enacting other workplace rules.13th1825, Sunday November 13, Birth of the couturier Charles Frederick Worth.
1850, Wednesday November 13, Birth of the writer Robert Louis Stevenson.
1868, Friday November 13, Death of the Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini.
1903, Friday November 13, Death of the French painter Camille Pissarro.
1907, Wednesday November 13, The first helicopter rose 2 metres (6 feet 5 inches) above the ground in Normandy.
1912, Wednesday November 13, Birth of the French author and dramatist Eugene Ionesco.
1914, Friday November 13, American heiress Mary Phelps Jacob patented a new female undergarment known as the ‘backless brassiere’.
1916, Friday November 13, The Battle of the Somme ended.
1935, Wednesday November 13, Birth of George Carey, the 103rd archbishop of Canterbury.14th1716, Wednesday November 14, Death of the German philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.
1770, Wednesday November 14, The explorer James Bruce discovered the source of the Blue Nile in NE Ethiopia then considered the main stream of the Nile.
1831, Monday November 14, Death of the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.
1840, Saturday November 14, Birth of the French painter Claude Monet.
1889, Thursday November 14, Birth of the Indian statesman Jawaarlal Nehru.
1925, Saturday November 14, An exhibition of Surrealist art opened in Paris including works by Max Ernst Man Ray Joan Miró and Pablo Picasso.
1927, Monday November 14, Leon Trotsky and Grigory Zinoviev were expelled from the Soviet Communist Party.
1935, Thursday November 14, Birth of King Hussein of Jordan.
1940, Thursday November 14, Enemy bombing over England destroyed Coventry’s medieval cathedral.
1946, November 14, Death of the Spanish composer Manuel de Falla.
1963, Thursday November 14, The island of Surtsey off Iceland was ‘born’ by the eruption of an underwater volcano.