|November Week 4|
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 – 06:32 AM by Bill McCann
This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Final week of November. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the First week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.The Outside London section offers daily updates on a range of political, cultural, scientific and religious events and anniversaries in History and which had, in one way or another, an effect on London Life.Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.First WeekSecond WeekThird WeekLondon and Londoners22nd
1667, Friday November 22, John Ashburnham member for Sussex was expelled from the House of Commons for accepting a bribe of £500 (£53724.37 in modern money)from merchants who wished to import French wines.
1774, Tuesday November 22, Death of the general and administrator Robert Clive.
1900, Thursday November 22, Death of the composer Arthur Sullivan.
1913, Saturday November 22, Birth of the composer Benjamin Britten.
1990, Thursday November 22, Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher who had led Britain since 1979 announced her resignation.
1993, Monday November 22, Death of the novelist and critic Anthony Burgess.23rd
1910, Wednesday November 23, Execution of the murderer Dr Hawley Harvey Crippen.
1917, Friday November 23, Birth of the actor Michael Gough.
1934, Friday November 23, Death of the dramatist Arthur Wing Pinero.
1941, Saturday November 23, Death of the novelist P C Wren.
1963, Saturday November 23, The first episode of the BBC TV serial Dr Who was broadcast with William Hartnell as Dr Who.24th
1309, Friday November 24, At the provincial Council of Canterbury held in London the Papal Inquisitors demanded the use torture to extract confessions from the English Templars.
1434, Wednesday November 24, A severe frost gripped London and lasted until the following February 10th. The Thames was frozen and ships were forced to unload at Gravesend and their cargoes were transported to London by horse and cart.
1588, Sunday November 24, Elizabeth I travelled in state to St Paul’s cathedra for a celebration in thanksgiving for the defeat of the Spanish Armada.
1814, Thursday November 24, The first issue of a newspaper (the Times) was printed on a (Koenig) power press.
1859, Tuesday November 24, Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was published.
1868, Tuesday November 24, The new Smithfield Market was opened. Designed by the City Architect, Horace Jones, it incorporated a deep basement which housed a railway station on the line between Farringdon and Ludgate Hill.
1894, Saturday November 24, The Bishopsgate Institute, with its large hall seating 500, lending and reference libraries, reading rooms and separate arrangements for men and women was opened.
1991, Sunday November 24, Death of the English rock singer Freddie Mercury.
1993, Wednesday November 24, The last 14 bottles of Scotch whisky salvaged from the SS Politician wrecked in 1941 and the inspiration of the book and film Whisky Galore were sold at auction for £11462 at Christie’s.25th
1748, Friday November 25, Death of the hymn writer Isaac Watts.
1783, Tuesday November 25, Count Zambecarri made the first balloon ascent in England from the Grounds of the Artillery Company in Finsbury. The balloon landed 48 miles away at Petworth in West Sussex.
1824, Thursday November 25, The church of All souls in Langham Place, designed by John Nash, was consecrated.
1882, Saturday November 25, First performance of Gilbert & Sullivan’s Iolanthe at the Savoy Theatre. There was a simultaneous US production to beat the copyright pirates.
1937, Thursday November 25, An inter-regional spelling competition became the first British quiz programme to be broadcast on television.
1952, Friday November 25, The Mousetrap by Agatha Christie opened at the Ambassador’s Theatre. On 12th April 1958 when it became the longest running show of any kind in the history of British Theatre. It is still being performed at its home for the past 30 years, St Martin’s Theatre,Cambridge circus.
1965, Thursday November 25, Death of the pianist Myra Hess.
1983, Friday November 25, Death of the dancer and choreographer Anton Dolin.
1991, Monday November 25, Winston Silcott became the first of the ‘Tottenham Three’ convicted for the 1985 killing of a policeman in Tottenham North London to have his conviction overturned.26th
1703, Friday November 26, At eleven o’clock at night a severe Hurricane hit London. It caused great destruction and loss of live. All but four ships in the Pool of London were damaged and every church steeple suffered some damage. Sheets of lead roofing were rolled up and flung onto the streets. Across England as a whole 8,ooo people lost their lives.
1731, Thursday November 26, Birth of the poet William Cowper.
1798, Monday November 26, The re-consecration of the Mediaeval church of St Martin Outwich in Threadneedle Street which had been badly damaged in a fire in 1765 and rebuilt by the Merchant Taylors’ Company.
1789, Thursday November 26, The American holiday of Thanksgiving was celebrated nationally for the first time.
1917, Monday November 26, Death of the colonial administrator Leander Jameson.
1940, Tuesday November 26, The death of Lord Rothermere.
1964, Thursday November 26, The government of Harold Wilson borrowed $3,000 million from foreign bankers to save the pound.27th
1582, Tuesday November 27, William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway.
1806, Thursday November 27, The Sans Pereil Theatre opened on the Strand. It was built by John Scott (who had made a fortune out of his invention of True Blue laundry colour. The opening night saw the debut of his daughter in her Miss Scott’s Entertainment. She became a success and was still performing in 1829. The theatre became the Adelphi in 1819.
1809, Monday November 27, Birth of the actress Fanny Kemble.
1842, Sunday November 27, Lloyd’s Illustrated London Newspaper was launched It later became Lloyd’s Weekly News. Then it became the Sunday News in 1923 finally being incorporated with the Sunday Graphic in 1931.
1970, Friday November 27, The Gay Liberation Front held its first demonstration in London.
1975, Thursday November 27, Death of the editor Ross McWhirter.
1990, Tuesday November 27, John Major won his second ballot for leadership of the Conservative Party.28th
1497, Tuesday November 28, Perkin Warbeck who claimed to be Richard duke of York (one of the princes murdered in the Tower) and who had proclaimed himself king as Richard IV in opposition to Henry VIII was paraded through London as an object of derision.
1660, Wednesday November 28, The Royal Society was chartered.
1757, Monday November 28, Birth of the poet and artist William Blake.
1919, Friday November 28, Lady Nancy Astor was elected in a by-election. She was the second woman to be elected to parliament but the first to take her seat.
1968, Thursday November 28, Death of the authoress Enid Blyton.
1990, Wednesday November 28, Mrs Thatcher resigned and John Major took over as British Prime Minister.
1993, Sunday November 28, Death of the actor Kenneth Connor.
1993, Sunday November 28, Secret government contacts with the IRA were publicly disclosed.28th
1330, Thursday November 29, Edward III finally escaped the influence of his mother and her lover Mortimer. The latter was arrested and tried for the murder of the king’s father Edward II and was hanged drawn and quartered at Smithfield.
1530, Tuesday November 29, Death of cardinal Thomas Wolsey.
1740, Sunday November 29, William Dewell was hanged for the rape of a woman in a barn at Acton but when his body was delivered to Surgeon’s Hall for dissection he was found to be still alive. He was returned to Newgate prison and was transported in 1741.
1870, Tuesday November 29, The London School Board was first elected under the provisions of the new Elementary Education Act of William Forster.30th
1554, Friday November 30, Birth of the poet and soldier Philip Sidney.
1804, Friday November 30, At the Stratford coffee House in Oxford Street the Society of Painters in Watercolours was established. There were an initial 16 members each of whom contributed £2 to fund the society.
1885, Monday November 30, The London Pavilion was opened on the site of the old Black Horse coaching inn at Piccadilly Circus.
1872, Saturday November 30, The first international football match was played Scotland vs England (drawing 0 – 0).
1874, Monday November 30, Birth of the statesman Winston Churchill.
1900, Friday November 30, Death of the dramatist and wit Oscar Wilde.
1936, Monday November 30, The Crystal Palace at Sydenham designed by Joseph Paxton and originally constructed in Hyde Park to house the Great Exhibition of 1851 was destroyed by fire.Outside London22nd
1497, Wednesday November 22, Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope in his search for a route to India.
1718, Saturday November 22, Death of the navigator and pirate Edward Teach (Blackbeard).
1819, Monday November 22, Birth of the novelist George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans).
1866, Thursday November 22, Birth of the Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky.
1890, Saturday November 22, Birth of the French statesman Charles de Gaulle.
1938, Tuesday November 22, The first coelacanth a prehistoric fish believed to be extinct was caught off the South African coast.
1946, Friday November 22, Biro ball point pens invented by Hungarian journalist László Biro went on sale in Britain.
1963, Friday November 22, John F Kennedy 35th American president was assassinated in Dallas Texas allegedly by Lee Harvey Oswald.
1975, Saturday November 22, Two days after the death of General Franco Juan Carlos I was sworn in as King of Spain.23rd
1670, Wednesday November 23, Molière’s Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme was performed for the first time in Paris.
1763, Wednesday November 23, Death of the French author Abbé Prévost.
1852, Tuesday November 23, Britain’s first pillar boxes (mail boxes) were erected at St Helier Jersey.
1887, Wednesday November 23, Birth of the actor Boris Karloff.
1906, Friday November 23, Italian tenor Enrico Caruso was fined $10 for sexual harassment.
1921, Wednesday November 23, American President Warren Harding banned doctors from prescribing beer eliminating a loophole in the prohibition law.
1980, Sunday November 23, A violent earthquake struck Southern Italy killing over 4000 people.24th
1572, Monday November 24, Death of the religious reformer and opponent of female rulers John Knox.
1632, Saturday November 24, Birth of the philosopher Baruch Spinoza.
1642, Thursday November 24, Dutch navigator Abel Tasman discovered Van Diemen’s Land which he named after his captain but it was later renamed Tasmania.
1864, Thursday November 24, Birth of the French painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
1922, Friday November 24, Death of the Irish nationalist and novelist Erskine Childers.
1929, Sunday November 24, Death of the French statesman Georges Clemenceau.
1963, Sunday November 24, Lee Harvey Oswald charged with the assassination of John F Kennedy was shot while in police custody by Jack Ruby a stripclub owner.25th
1835, Wednesday November 25, Birth of the American industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.
1844, Monday November 25, Birth of the German engineer and car manufacturer Carl Benz.
1884, Tuesday November 25, Evaporated milk was patented by John Mayenberg of St Louis Missouri.
1915, Thursday November 25, Birth of the Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet.
1941, Tuesday November 25, HMS Barham was sunk with the loss of 868 lives.
1997, Tuesday November 25, Astronauts on board the American space shuttle Columbia retrieved the Spartan satellite which had gone out of control the previous week when it was hit by Columbia’s robotic arm as it was being released into space.26th
1504, Tuesday November 26, Death of the Queen of Castile and Aragon Isabella I.1906, Monday November 26, President Theodore Roosevelt returned to Washington after a trip to Central America having become the first American president to travel abroad while in office.
1910, Saturday November 26, Birth of the Irish actor Cyril Cusack.
1949, Saturday November 26, India became a federal republic within the Commonwealth.
1966, Saturday November 26, French President Charles de Gaulle opened the world’s first tidal power station in Brittany.
1976, Friday November 26, Catholicism ceased to be the state religion of Italy.27th
8 BCE, Saturday November 27, Death of the Roman poet Horace.
1095, Tuesday November 27, Pope Urban II preached the First Crusade at Clermont.
1701, Thursday November 27, Birth of the Swedish astronomer and thermometer inventor Anders Celsius.
1895, Wednesday November 27, Death of the French novelist and dramatist Alexandre Dumas fils.
1914, Friday November 27, Britain’s first policewomen went on duty at Grantham Lincolnshire.
1953, Friday November 27, Death of the American dramatist Eugene O’Neill.
1967, Monday November 27, French President Charles de Gaulle rejected British entry into the Common Market.28th
1520, Wednesday November 28, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan sailed through the Straits at the tip of South America and reached an ocean which he named the Pacific.
1632, Wednesday November 28, Birth of the composer Jean Baptiste Lully.
1680, Sunday November 28, Death of the Italian sculptor Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini.
1820, Tuesday November 28, Birth of the German Socialist Friedrich Engels.
1859, Monday November 28, Death of the American author Washington Irving.
1905, Tuesday November 28, The Irish political party Sinn Fein was founded by Arthur Griffith in Dublin.
1954, Sunday November 28, Death of the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi.
1994, Monday November 28, Norwegian voters rejected membership of the EU in a national referendum held the day before.28th
1667, Saturday November 29, Birth of the Irish author Jonathan Swift.
1780, Wednesday November 29, Death of the Empress of Austria Maria Theresa.
1797, Wednesday November 29, Birth of the composer Gaetano Donizetti.
1803, Monday November 29, Birth of the Austrian physicist Christian Johann Doppler.
1898, Monday November 29, Birth of the scholar and writer C S Lewis.
1924, Saturday November 29, Death of the composer Giacomo Puccini.
1932, Tuesday November 29, Birth of the French statesman Jacques Chirac.
1947, Saturday November 29, The UN approved Britain’s plan for the partition of Palestine.
1957, Saturday November 29, Death of the tenor Beniamino Gigli.
1975, Saturday November 29, Death of the racing driver Graham Hill.
1996, Friday November 29, Evidence that water might be present on the Earth’s moon was published.30th
1508, Thursday November 30, Birth of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio.
1835, Monday November 30, Birth of the American author Mark Twain.
1840, Monday November 30, Napoleon’s remains were returned from St Helena to Paris.
1914, November 30, Charlie Chaplin made his film debut in Making a Living a Mack Sennett one-reeler without his trademark moustache and cane.Links to the Monthly DigestsJanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember