|October Week 2|
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 – 06:14 AM by Bill McCann
This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Second week of October. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the Second week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.First WeekThird WeekFinal WeekLondon and Londoners8th1754, Tuesday October 8, Death of the English author Henry Fielding.
1796, Saturday October 8, Charles Dibdin opened his new Sans Souci theatre on the corner of Leicester place and Leicester Square.
1831, Saturday October8, King’s College on the Strand was opened. Effectively another wing of Somerset House it was designed by Sir Robert Smirke. Originally conceived a firmly Church of England institution and a rival to the “godless” London University the opening ceremony was attended by no fewer than 30 bishops.
1872, Tuesday October 8, Birth of the English Novelist John Cowper Powys.
1878, Tuesday October 8, Birth of the British painter Alfred Munnings.
1929, Tuesday October 8, Birth of the English MP and first Lady Speaker of the House of Commons Betty Boothroyd.
1937, Friday October 8, Birth of the British ballerina Merle Park.
1953, Thursday October 8, Death of the English contralto Kathleen Ferrier.
1965, Friday October 8, The Post Office Tower then the tallest building in London was opened.
1967, Sunday October 8, Death of the British statesman Clement Attlee.
1973, Monday October 8, LBC (London Broadcasting) Britain’s first legal commercial radio station began broadcasting.9th1470, Tuesday October 9, Henry VI was restored to the throne after his deposition in 1461.
1660, Tuesday October 9, Following the Restoration a number of parliamentarians who had signed the death warrant of Charles I had been brought to trial and were hanged and quartered at Charing Cross within sight of the banqueting Hall where Charles had been executed..
1900, Tuesday October 9, Birth of the English actor Alastair Sim.
1935, Wednesday October 9, Birth of the British was photographer Don McCullin.
1955, Sunday October 9, Birth of the English athlete Steve Ovett.10th1655, Wednesday October 10, Samuel Pepys was married to Elizabeth St Michel at the church of St Margaret Westminster. He was 22 and the bride daughter of a poor French Protestant father and an Anglo-Irish mother was 15. The marriage was not to be a happy one a fact which it is sometimes claimed led to the secrecy with which the famous shorthand diary was written.
1677, Wednesday October 10, At St Clement Danes Sir Thomas Grosvenor was married to the 12-year old Mary Davies. Her father had inherited 100 acres of what is now Mayfair and 400 acres of what is now Belgravia and Pimlico. These were to provide the foundation of the Grosvenor Estate.
1731, Sunday October 10, Birth of the English physicist Henry Cavendish.
1812, Saturday October 10, The fourth Theatre Royal Drury Lane was opened. It survives today but the present portico was added in 1820 and the colonnade in 1831.
1881, Monday October10, The Savoy Theatre new home to the operas of Gilbert and Sullivan was opened. It was the first theatre to be lit by electricity. It was also the first theatre to introduce the queuing system at the box-office.
1903, Saturday October 10, Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst formed the Women’s Social and Political Union to fight for women’s emancipation in Britain.
1930, Friday October 10, Birth of the English dramatist Harold Pinter.
1946, Thursday October 10, Birth of the English actor Charles Dance.
1983, Monday October 10, Death of the English actor Sir Ralph Richardson.11th1521, Friday October 11, Pope Leo X conferred the title of ‘Defender of the Faith’ Fidei Defensor on Henry VIII for his book supporting Catholic principles and demolishing the Protestant theses of Martin Luther. The title has been claimed by every subsequent English and British monarch to the present day despite the fact that each apart from Mary I has been the head of the Protestant Church of England.
1549, Friday October 11, A muster of armed men was held at Moorfields as the leading citizens and the members of the Privy Council joined forces to depose the Protector the duke of Somerset.
1573, Sunday October 11, The naval commander Sir John Hawkins was attacked and almost murdered on the Strand. He was assailed by one Peter Burchett a lawyer of Middle Temple who mistook him for the queen’s favourite Sir Christopher Hatton. Elizabeth sent her own physician to the dangerously wounded Hawkins. The unfortunate Burchett had his right hand cut off and nailed to the scaffold erected close to the spot where the attack took place and from which he was hanged.
1738, Wednesday October 11, Birth of the English Admiral Arthur Phillip.
1775, Wednesday October 11, A petition singed by 1171 gentlemen and merchants of the City of London was presented to the king. In it they opposed what they saw as a disastrous policy of taxation and economic restrictions on the American Colonies.
1821, Thursday October 11, Birth of the founder of the YMCA Sir George Williams.
1851, Saturday October 11, The closing ceremony of the Great Exhibition took place.
1889, Friday October 11, Death of the English physicist James Joule.
1925, Sunday October 11, Birth of the British actor Richard Burton.
1937, Monday October 11, Birth of the English footballer Bobby Charlton.
1957, Friday October 11, Birth of the English actress and comedienne Dawn French.12th1537, Friday October 12, The future Edward VI was born at Hampton Court but Henry VII was devastated by the death of the queen Jane Seymour 12 days later.
1678, Saturday October 12, The magistrate of Westminster Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey was murdered by persons unknown. Titus Oates and his followers stirred a popular anti-Catholic agitation. A confession was obtained under torture from a silversmith called Prance was retracted but was again repeated. As a result two Catholics were hanged. But he retracted the confession yet again in 1682. He was fined £100 and whipped from Newgate to Tyburn where he was made to stand in the pillory.
1845, Sunday October 12, Death of the English prison reformer Elizabeth Fry.
1859, Wednesday October 12, Death of the English civil engineer Robert Stephenson.
1866, Friday October 12, Birth of the British statesman James Ramsay McDonald.
1872, Saturday October 12, Birth of the English composer Ralph Vaughan Williams.
1875, Tuesday October 12, Birth of the British occultist Aleister Crowley.
1984, Friday October 12, During the Tory Party Conference at the Grand Hotel in Brighton an IRA bomb exploded in the hotel in an attempt to murder the British cabinetm and the prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
1986, Sunday October 12, Queen Elizabeth II became the first British monarch to visit China.13th1399, Monday October 13, The coronation of Henry IV who replaced the deposed Richard II took place at Westminster Abbey. It was followed by a lavish banquet in Richard’s newly rebuilt Westminster Hall. The Hall itself has survived unchanged to this day.
1853, Thursday October 13, Birth of the English actress Lillie Langtry.
1884, Monday October 13, Greenwich was adapted as the universal time meridian of longitude from which standard times throughout the world are calculated.
1905, Friday October 13, Death of the English actor Henry Irving.
1915, Wednesday October 13, One of the worst Zeppelin raids on London took place and claimed forty lives.
1925, Tuesday October 13, Birth of the English politician and first woman Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.14th1066, Saturday October 14, The Battle of Hastings was fought on Senlac Hill where Harald I was slain as William the Conqueror’s troops routed the English army.
1549, Monday October 14, The Duke of Somerset abandoned by the young king Edward VI was brought to the tower where he remained until the following February when he was “banished” to Richmond Palace.
1644, Monday October 14, Birth of the founder of Pennsylvania William Penn.
1852, Thursday October 14, King’s Cross was opened. It was the largest station in Britain and got its name from the monument to George IV which had been erected at the crossroads there in 1836.
1940, Monday October 14, Birth of the English vocalist Cliff Richard.
1976, Thursday October 14, Death of the English actress Edith Evans.Outside London8th1085, Wednesday October 8, St Mark’s Cathedral in Venice was consecrated.
1869, Friday October 8, Death of the 14th American president Franklin Pierce.
1871, Sunday October 8, The Great Fire of Chicago started. It burned until the 11th killing over 250 people and making 95000 homeless.
1895, Tuesday October 8, Birth of the Argentine dictator Juan Perón.
1905, Sunday October 8, A permanent waving machine was first used on a woman’s hair by Charles Nessler.
1939, Sunday October 8, Western Poland was incorporated in the Third Reich.
1967, Sunday October 8, In Somerset, a breathalyser was used on a motorist for the first time.9th1652, Saturday October 9, Death of the Italian anatomist Gabriel Fallopius.
1779, Saturday October 9, The first Luddite riots against the introduction of machinery for spinning cotton began in Manchester.
1835, Friday October 9, Birth of the French composer Camille Saint-Saens.
1875, Saturday October 9, The Universal Postal Union was established with headquarters in Berne Switzerland.
1888, Tuesday October 9, The massive marble Washington Monument designed by Robert Mills was opened.
1908, Friday October 9, Birth of the French film director Jacques Tati.
1958, Thursday October 9, Death of Pope Pius XII.
1967, Monday October 9, Ernesto ‘Che’ Guevara Argentinian-born guerilla leader and revolutionary was murdered in Bolivia.10th732, Friday October 10, The Franks under Charles Martel defeated the Saracens at the Battle of Tours.
1469, Tuesday October 10, Death of the Italian painter Fra Filippo Lippi.
1684, Friday October 10, Birth of the French painter Jean Antoine Watteau.
1813, Sunday October 10, Birth of the Italian composer Giuseppe verdi.
1935, Thursday October 10, George Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess opened in New York City.
1961, Tuesday October 10, Following a volcanic eruption the entire population of the South Atlantic island of Tristan da Cunha was evacuated to Britain.
1963, Thursday October 10, Death of the French chanteuse Edith Piaf.
1985, Thursday October 10, Death of the American actor and producer Orson Welles.
1985, Thursday October 10, Death of the American film actor Yul Brynner.11th1689, Friday October 11, Peter the Great Tsar of Russia assumed control of the government.
1896, Sunday October 11, Death of the Austrian composer Anton Bruckner.
1899, Wednesday October 11, The Anglo-Boer War began.
1961, Wednesday October 11, Death of the American comedian ‘Chico’ Marx.
1963, Friday October 11, Death of the French poet dramatist and film director Jean Cocteau.
1968, Friday October 11, The American spacecraft Apollo 7 was launched from Cape Kennedy with a crew of three.
1980, Saturday October 11, The Soviet Salyut 6 returned to earth; its cosmonauts had been in space for a record 185 days.
1982, Monday October 11, The Mary Rose which had been the pride of Henry VIII’s fleet until it sank in the Solent in 1545 was raised.
1993, Monday October 11, Death of the American tenor Jess Thomas.12th1901, Saturday October 12, American President Theodore Roosevelt renamed the Executive Mansion ‘The White House’.
1924, Sunday October 12, Death of the French author Anatole France.
1928, Friday October 12, The first iron lung was used at Boston Children’s Hospital Massachusetts.
1935, Saturday October 12, Birth of the Italian tenor Luciano Pavarotti.
1948, Tuesday October 12, The first Morris Minor designed by Alec Issigonis was produced at Cowley Oxfordshire.
1968, Saturday October 12, The 19th Olympic Games opened in Mexico City.
1492, Friday October 12, Columbus sighted his first land in discovering the New World calling it San Salvador.13th54, Sunday October 13, Death of the Roman emperor and conqueror of Britain Claudius I.
1307, Friday October 13, On the orders of Philip IV of France the arrest of the Templars on charges of heresy took place in Paris.
1715, Thursday October 13, Death of the French philosopher Nicholas de Malebranche.
1792, Saturday October 13, The cornerstone of the White House Washington DC was laid by President George Washington. It was known as the Executive Mansion until 1901.
1822, Sunday October 13, Death of the Italian sculptor Antonio Canova.
1904, Thursday October 13, Sigmund Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams was published.
1923, Saturday October 13, Ankara replaced Istanbul as the capital of Turkey.
1988, Thursday October 13, The cardinal of Turin confirmed reports that the Shroud of Turin believed to carry the imprint of Christ’s face had been scientifically dated to the Middle Ages.14th1882, Saturday October 14, Birth of the Irish statesman Éamon de Valera.
1884, Tuesday October 14, Photographic film was patented by American entrepreneur and inventor George Eastman.
1890, Tuesday October 14, Birth of the 34th American president Dwight D Eisenhower.
1899, Saturday October 14, Birth of the American film actress Lillian Gish.
1920, Thursday October 14, Degrees from Oxford University were conferred on women for the first time.
1944, Saturday October 14, Death of the German field-marshal Erwin Rommel.
1947, Tuesday October 14, The first supersonic flight (670 mph) was made in California by Charles Yeagar in his Bell XI rocket plane.
1959, Wednesday October 14, Death of the Australian actor Errol Flynn.
1971, Thursday October 14, The American spacecraft Mariner 9 transmitted the first close-up TV pictures of Mars to Earth.
1977, Friday October 14, Death of the American singer and film actor Bing Crosby.
1990, Sunday October 14, Death of the American conductor and composer Leonard Bernstein.