|October Week 3|
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 – 06:17 AM by Bill McCann
This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Third week of October. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the Third week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.First WeekSecond WeekFinal WeekLondon and Londoners15th1881, Saturday October 15, Birth of the English novelist P G Wodehouse.
1881, October 15, The Comedy Theatre in Panton Street was opened. The exterior survives but the interior has been drastically refurbished.
1905, Sunday October 15, Birth of the English scientist and novelist C P Snow.
1959, Thursday October 15, Birth of Sarah Ferguson one-time Duchess of York.
1961, Sunday October 15, The human-rights organization Amnesty International was established in London.
1973, Monday October 15, Britain and Iceland ended the “Cod War” with an agreement on fishing rights.16th1555, Wednesday October 16, Death of the English Bishop and Protestant martyr Nicholas Ridley.
1555, Wednesday October 16, Death of the English Bishop and Protestant martyr Hugh Latimer.
1733, Tuesday October 16, St Luke’s church in Old Street was consecrated. It was designed by John James with the help of Hawksmoor. It survives as a ruin with its churchyard turned into a public garden.
1834, Thursday October16, The old palace of Westminster was destroyed by fire. The conflagration was started by the burning of a large number of wooden tally tiles in a stove in the House of Lords which set fire to the chimney flues. The London Fire Brigade Establishment fought through the flames the night but was hampered by the low tide in the Thames. In the event the only building to be saved was Westminster Hall.
1854, Monday October 16, Birth of the Irish wit and dramatist Oscar Wilde.
1863, Friday October 16, Birth of the British statesman Austen Chamberlain.
1881, Sunday October 16, The People newspaper was launched.
1964, Friday October 16, Labour Party leader Harold Wilson became prime minister.
1987, Friday October 16, Southern England was hit by hurricane-force winds causing 19 deaths and hundreds of millions of pounds’ worth of damage.
1996, Wednesday October 16, The government announced plans to outlaw private ownership of most handguns.17th1651, Friday October 17, Charles II defeated by Cromwell at Worcester fled to France destitute and friendless.
1727, Tuesday October 17, Birth of the British political reformer John Wilkes.
1814, Monday October17, At Meux’s Horseshoe Brewery on Tottenham Court Road large vats which contained 3555 barrels of beer burst drowning eight people. The site is now occupied by the Dominion Theatre.
1891, Saturday October 17, Waterlow Park in Highgate a gift of the former Lord Mayor Sir Sydney Waterlow was formally opened to the public by the London County Council.
1938, Monday October 17, Birth of the English tennis player Ann Jones..
1985, Thursday October 17, In the Gillick case the House of Lords allowed doctors to prescribe oral contraceptives to girls aged under 16 without parental consent.18th1660, Thursday October 18, A proclamation was issued which forbade the drivers of hackney-cabs from plying for trade. In future they were to remain in their yards and wait for a fare to come to them. It seems to have been largely ignored as more stringent licensing measure followed shortly afterward.
1714, Monday October 18, At the coronation of George I several people were killed when a scaffold holding spectators in Palace yard collapsed.
1824, Monday October 18, The church of St Luke Sydney Street Chelsea was consecrated. It was the first Gothic Revival church to be built in England. In 1836 Charles Dickens was married here to Catherine Hogarth.
1826, Wednesday October 18, Britain’s last state lottery until 1994 was held.
1865, Wednesday October 18, Death of the British statesman Lord Palmerston.
1871, Wednesday October 18, Death of the English mathematician Charles Babbage.
1905, Wednesday October 18, Aldwych and Kingsway were officially opened.
1922, Wednesday October 18, The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) was officially formed and started broadcasting from Savoy Hill.
1934, Thursday October 18, The Daily Mail published the first photograph to be transmitted by beam radio (from Melbourne to London).19th1216, Wednesday October 19, Death of King John.
1413, Thursday October 19, Sir John Oldcastle leader of the Lollards escaped from the Tower and began to plot his revolt against the new King Henry V.
1605, Thursday October 19, Birth of the author and physician Thomas Browne.
1682, Thursday October 19, Death of the author and physician Thomas Browne.
1741, Monday October 19, David Garrick made his debut in a serious at the new Goodman’s Fields Theatre in Ayliffe Street as Richard III. His first appearance in the same theatre had been in a pantomime the previous March.
1784, Tuesday October 19, Birth of the poet and novelist Leigh Hunt.
1856, Sunday October19, The evangelist Charles Spurgeon delivered a sermon at the recently opened Surrey Music Hall. At some stage a wave panic swept through the hall and seven people were crushed.
1931, Monday October 19, Birth of the novelist John Le Carré.
1937, Tuesday October 19, Death of the physicist Ernest Rutherford.
1987, Monday October 19, Death of the cellist Jacqueline du Pré.
1987, Monday October 19, Wall Street was struck by ‘Black Monday’ during which millions were wiped out on stock markets around the world.
1989, Thursday October 19, After serving 14 years in prison for the IRA Guildford and Woolwich bombings the ‘Guildford Four’ had their convictions quashed.20th1309, Monday October 20, The first day of the trial of the English Templars by two Papal Inquisitors and the Bishop of London at the Church of the Holy Trinity.
1524, Thursday October 20, Death of the physician Thomas Linacre.
1559, Friday October 20, A Royal proclamation reserved the trees on Westwood common in Sydenham for the purpose of shipbuilding.
1632, Saturday October 20, Birth of the architect Christopher Wren.
1714, Wednesday October 20, The coronation of George I.
1726, Thursday October 20, John Gibbs’s new church of St Martin in the Fields was consecrated by the bishop of London.
1784, Wednesday October 20, Birth of the statesman Lord Palmerston.
1822, Sunday October 20, The Sunday Times was first published.
1822, Sunday 20 October, The New Observer launched on February 18 1821 became the Sunday Times.
1885, Tuesday October 20, The unemployed marched to Highbury Fields and massed outside the house of Joseph Chamberlain President of the Board of Trade.
1890, Monday October 20, Death of the explorer Richard Francis Burton.
1891, Tuesday October 20, Birth of the physicist James Chadwick.
1904, Wednesday October 20, Birth of the actress Anna Neagle.21st1421, Tuesday October 21, Dick Whittington laid the foundation stone of the Grey Friars Library in Newgate Street. He had provided £400 (equivalent to £265746.48 in modern money) to furnish it with books.
1687, Friday October 21, Death of the poet Edmund Waller.
1772, Wednesday October 21, Birth of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
1812, Wednesday October 21, A high tide at 2 pm flooded palace yard and Westminster Hall. The Speaker Charles Abbot recorded that three or four boats full of men went into the Hall and that horses were up to their bellies in water in the stables.Outside London15th70, Monday October 15, Birth of the Roman poet Virgil.
1581, Sunday October 15, The first major ballet was staged at the request of Catherine de’ Medici at the palace in Paris.
1582, Monday October 15, The Gregorian calendar was adopted in Italy Spain Portugal and France. 5 October became 15 October.
1608, Saturday October 15, Birth of the Italian physicist Evangelista Torricelli.
1844, Tuesday October 15, Birth of the German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche.
1917, Monday October 15, Mata Hari the Dutch spy was shot in Paris having been found guilty of espionage for the Germans.
1928, Monday October 15, The German airship Graf Zeppelin captained by Hugo Eckener completed its first transatlantic flight.
1946, Tuesday October 15, Death of the Nazi leader Hermann Goering.
1964, Thursday October 15, Death of the American composer and lyricist Cole Porter.16th1793, Wednesday October 16, Death of the Queen of France Marie Antoinette.
1815, Monday October 16, Napoleon was exiled to the Atlantic island of St Helena.
1846, Friday October 16, The first public surgical operation using ether as an anaesthetic was performed at the Massachusetts General Hospital Boston.
1888, Tuesday October 16, Birth of the American dramatist Eugene O’Neill.
1902, Thursday October 16, The first detention centre housing young offenders was opened in Borstal Kent.
1922, Monday October 16, The Simplon II railway tunnel under the Alps linking Switzerland and Italy was completed.
1946, Wednesday October 16, Nazi war criminals including von Ribbentrop Rosenberg and Streicher were hanged at Nuremberg.
1978, Monday October 16, Cardinal Karol Wojtyla was elected Pope John Paul II the first non-Italian pope since 1542.
1997, Thursday October 16, Death of the American author James Michener.17th1777, Friday October 17, British commander General Burgoyne surrendered to General Horatio Gates at Saratoga a victory for the American colonists.
1914, Saturday October 17, An earthquake struck Greece and Asia Minor killing over 3000 people.
1915, Sunday October 17, Birth of the American dramatist Arthur Miller.
1918, Thursday October 17, Birth of the American film actress Rita Hayworth.
1938, Monday October 17, Birth of the American film actor Montgomery Clift.
1956, Wednesday October 17, Calder Hall Britain’s first nuclear power station was opened.
1959, Saturday October 17, De Beers diamond firm announced that synthetic industrial diamonds had been produced.
1977, Monday October 17, An American Supreme Court ruling allowed Concorde to use Kennedy Airport New York.
1982, Sunday October 17, Sulyn was launched as the first Welsh-language Sunday newspaper. It ceased publication in January 1983.18th1685, Sunday October 18, The Edict of Nantes granting religious freedom to the Huguenots was revoked by King Louis XIV of France.
1687, Tuesday October 18, Birth of the Italian painter Canaletto.
1755, Saturday October 18, Bath Advertiser Bath’s second newspaper founded to include Lists of the Nobility and Gentry resorting to the BATH; with an Account of Plays perform’d at both the Theatres.
1859, Tuesday October 18, Birth of the French philosopher Henri Bergson.
1893, Wednesday October 18, Death of the French Composer Charles Gounod.
1927, Tuesday October 18, Birth of the American film actor George C Scott.
1931, Sunday October 18, Death of the American inventor Thomas Edison.
1956, Thursday October 18, Birth of the Czech tennis player Martina Navratilova.
1989, Wednesday October 18, With the end of Communist rule Hungary was proclaimed a free republic.
1996, Friday October 18, A study published in the journal Science uncovered evidence for the first time of a causal link between inhalation of a toxin found in tobacco smoke and the development of cancerous cells.19th1745, Saturday October 19, Death of the Irish author Jonathan Swift.
1781, Friday October 19, Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General Washington at Yorktown Virginia marking the end of the American War of Independence.
1813, Tuesday October 19, The Allies defeated Napoleon at the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig.
1859, Wednesday October 19, Birth of the French army officer Alfred Dreyfus.
1860, Friday October 19, The first company to manufacture internal combustion engines was formed in Florence Italy.
1862, Sunday October 19, Birth of the French photographic pioneer Auguste Marie Lumière.
1872, Saturday October 19, The Holtermann nugget was mined at Hill End New South Wales in SE Australia; weighing 630lbs it was the largest gold-bearing nugget ever found.20th1818, Tuesday October 20, Britain and the USA established the 49th parallel as the boundary between Canada and the USA.
1935, Sunday October 20, Mao Zedong’s Long March ended in Yenan north China.
1964, Tuesday October 20, Birth of the 31st American president Herbert Hoover.
1973, Friday October 20, The Sydney Opera House designed by Danish architect John Utzon was opened to the public.
1988, Thursday October 20, Death of the aviator Sheila Scott.
1989, Friday October 20, Death of the actor Anthony Quayle.
1994, Thursday October 20, Death of the American film actor Burt Lancaster.21st1805, Monday October 21, The battle of Trafalgar and death of Nelson.
1833, Monday October 21, Birth of the Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel.
1858, Thursday October 21, Offenbach’s opera Orpheus in the Underworld was first performed in Paris.
1912, Monday October 21, Birth of the conductor Georg Solti.
1934, Sunday October 21, Mao Zedong’s Long March with his 100000-strong Communist army began.
1950, Saturday October 21, Tibet was occupied by Chinese forces.
1960, Friday October 21, Britain launched its first nuclear submarine the HMS Dreadnought.