|September Week 2|
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 – 06:00 AM by Bill McCann
This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Second week of September. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the First week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.The Outside London section offers daily updates on a range of political, cultural, scientific and religious events and anniversaries in History and which had, in one way or another, an effect on London Life.Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.First WeekThird WeekFinal WeekLondon and Londoners8th1157, Sunday September 8, Birth of Richard I (The Lion Heart).
1725, Wednesday September 8, Fire broke out at a brushmaker’s at the Southwark end of London Bridge and quickly spread destroying all the houses on the first two arches. It was halted at the old stone gateway. This itself was so badly damaged that it had to be replaced by a new structure which improved matters somewhat as it catered for two lanes of traffic.
1831, Thursday September 8, The coronation of William IV.
1853, Thursday September 8, Death of the British publisher of the first railway guides George Bradshaw.
1857, Tuesday September 8, The final stretch of the Commercial Street development was opened for foot passengers. Together with the construction of Commercial Road and the installation of a large junction with Whitechapel the development all but wiped out the old village of Whitechapel.
1863, Tuesday September 8, Birth of the English writer Siegfried Sassoon.
1868, Tuesday September 8, The first non-public execution took place at Newgate when Alexander Mackay was hanged for the murder of his mistress.
1880, Wednesday September 8, The Temple Bar monument at the junction of Fleet Street and the Strand was unveiled. At the site of the old Temple Bar it marks the boundary between the City of London and the City of Westminster.
1915, Wednesday September 8, The first Zeppelin bomb to fall on the City of London exploded in Fenchurch Street and a Zeppelin was chased by British aeroplanes all over London.
1925, Tuesday September 8, Birth of the English actor and comedian Peter Sellers.
1944, Friday September 8, The first German V2 flying bombs fell on Britain.
1994, Thursday September 8, Death of the British film director Terence Young.9th1087, Thursday September 9, Death of William I (the Conqueror.
1087, Thursday September 9, William II (Rufus) succeeded to the throne. His elder brother, Robert, inherited the Norman lands.
1470, Sunday September 9, Warwick’s army invaded England, landing near Exeter,.
1835, Wednesday September 9, Local government in Britain was constituted under the British Municipal Corporations Act.
1900, Sunday September 9, Birth of the English novelist James Hilton.
1945, Sunday September 9, Palestinians attempted to hijack an El Al flight but were overpowered by security guards. The Israelis reluctantly handed over the failed hijackers at Heathrow, where the plane made its landing.
1949, Friday September 9, Birth of the English figure skating champion John Curry.
1996, Monday September 9, The European Court of Human Rights agreed to hear a case in which a 12-year-old boy was challenging British laws allowing parents to use corporal punishment on their children.10th1533, Wednesday September 10, Baptism of Elizabeth the First at Greeenwich.
1753, Friday September 10, Birth of the English architect John Soane.
1797, Thursday September 10, Death of the British feminist Mary Wollstonecraft.
1894, Monday September 10, George Smith, a London cab driver, became the first person to be convicted for drunken driving. He was fined 20 shillings (£63.15 in modern money).
1900, Monday September 10, Ely’s Cartridge Factory in Grey’s Inn Road which produced munitions for the Boer War was destroyed by a large explosion in which three people died.
1938, Saturday September 10, Death of the British dog expert Charles Cruft.11th1217, Monday September 11, The young Henry III, son of King John, met the Dauphin of France at either Kingston or Staines. The subsequent agreement saw the end of the dauphin’s claim to the English throne and Henry’s pledge to restore the liberties of the barons and people which John had neglected.
1841, Saturday September 11, The London to Brighton commuter express train began regular service, taking just 105 minutes.
1877, Tuesday September 11, Birth of the British mathematician and scientist James Hopwood Jeans.
1885, Friday September 11, Birth of the English writer D H Lawrence.
1978, Monday September 11, Georgi Markov, a Bulgarian defector, was fatally stabbed by a poisoned umbrella point wielded by a Bulgarian secret agent in London.
1994, Sunday September 11, Death of the English film and theatre actress Jessica Tandy.12th1805, Thursday September 12, The burial ground of St Martin in the Fields was so overcrowded that a new one was opened in Pratt street called the Camden Town Cemetery.
1852, Sunday September 12, Birth of the English statesman Herbert Henry Asquith.
1869, Sunday September 12, Death of the English lexicographer Peter Mark Roget.
1878, Thursday September 12, Cleopatra’s Needle, the obelisk of Thothmes II, was erected on the Victoria Embankment. A time capsule buried beneath it contained, amongst other things, the day’s edition of the Times, a box of cigars, coins of the realm and pictures of the 12 most beautiful women in Britain.
1907, Thursday September 12, Birth of the British poet Louis MacNeice.13th1520, Thursday September 13, Birth of William Cecil, later Lord Burghley.
1586, Tuesday September 13, The trial of Babington Plot conspirators produced evidence that strongly implicated Mary Queen of Scots.
1738, Wednesday September 13, The first pile for Westminster Bridge was driven into the river bed.
1791, Saturday September 13, Birth of the British boy actor William Betty.
1806, Saturday September 13, Death of the English statesman Charles James Fox.
1894, Thursday September 13, Birth of the English author John Joseph Priestley.
1938, Tuesday September 13, Birth of the British politician John Smith.
1944, Wednesday September 13, Birth of the English actress Jacqueline Bisset.
1957, Friday September 13, The Mousetrap became Britain’s longest running play, reaching its 1,998th performance.
1989, Wednesday September 13, Britain’s biggest ever banking computer error gave customers an extra £2 billion in a period of 30 minutes. 99.3 per cent of the money was reportedly returned.14th1618, Monday September 14, Birth of the English painter Sir Peter Lely.
1759, Tuesday September 14, A Journey Through Europe, or the play of Geography, the earliest dated English board game, went on sale, priced 8 shillings.
1767, Monday September 14, Elizabeth Brownrigg was executed at Tyburn.
1824, Tuesday September 14, The enormous forgery carried out by Henry Fauntleroy, manager of the bank March Sibbald & Co at Berners Street when the bank suddenly ceased operations as a result of “the extraordinary conduct of our partner Mr Fauntleroy.” He was convicted in November and executed. He is buried in Bunhill Fields burial ground.
1852, Tuesday September 14, Death of the English architect Augustus Pugin.
1852, Tuesday September 14, Death of the 1st Duke of Wellington Arthur Wellesley.
1909, Tuesday September 14, Birth of the British artist and ornithologist Peter Scott.
1910, Wednesday September 14, Birth of the British film actor Jack Hawkins.
1914, Monday September 14, Kitchener’s recruitment campaign began with a grand assembly at the Guildhall.Outside London8th1474, Thursday September 8, Birth of the Italian poet Ludovico Ariosto.
1560, Sunday September 8, Amy Robsart, wife of Robert Dudley, was found dead.
1664, Thursday September 8, The Dutch colony of New Amsterdam was surrendered to the British who renamed it New York in 1669.
1841, Wednesday September 8, Birth of the Czech composer Antonin Dvorák.
1888, Saturday September 8, The first English Football league matches were played.
1949, Thursday September 8, Death of the German composer Richard Strauss.
1966, September 8, The Severn Road Bridge between England and Wales was officially opened.9th1513, Friday September 9, The Scottish were defeated by the English at the Battle of Flodden Field.
1513, Friday September 9, James IV of Scotland, was killed at the Battle of Flodden, his son James V succeeds.
1585, Thursday September 9, Birth of the French statesman Cardinal Richelieu.
1737, Friday September 9, Birth of the Italian physiologist Luigi Galvani.
1828, Tuesday September 9, Birth of the Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy.
1901, Monday September 9, Death of the French painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
1976, Thursday September 9, Death of the Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong.10th1547, Saturday September 10, Scots defeated at Battle of Pinkie.
1771, Saturday September 10, Birth of the Scottish explorer Mungo Park.11th1709, Sunday September 11, The Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Austria defeated the French, under Marshal Villars, at the Battle of Malplaquet.
1869, Saturday September 11, Death of the Scottish chemist David Thomas Graham.
1951, Tuesday September 11, Stravinsky’s The Rake’s Progress was performed for the first time, in Venice. The libretto was by the English poet W H Auden.
1971, Saturday September 11, Death of the Russian leader Nikita Khrushchev.
1997, Thursday September 11, The physicist Rafi de-Picciotto demonstrated the formation, within semiconductor materials, of ‘quasiparticles’, which have a charge one-third that of an electron.
2001, Tuesday September 11, Islamic terrorists used hijacked passenger aircraft to destroy the World Trade Center in New York and part of the Pentagon in Virginia.12th1733, Wednesday September 12, Death of the French composer François Couperin.
1764, Sunday September 12, Death of the French composer Jean-Philippe Rameau.
1940, Thursday September 12, The Lascaux Caves, France, containing prehistoric wall paintings, were discovered.
1997, Friday September 12, The US spacecraft Mars Global Surveyor went into orbit around Mars.13th1598, Wednesday September 13, Death of King Phillip II of Spain.
1759, Monday September 13, The British defeated the French at the Battle of Quebec, completing the British conquest of North America.
1874, Sunday September 13, Birth of the Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg.
1894, Thursday September 13, Death of the French composer Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier.14th1321, Monday September 14, Death of the Italian poet Dante Alighieri.
1402, Thursday September 14, The English defeated the Scots at the Battle of Homildon Hill.
1585, Tuesday September 14, Sir Francis Drake sailed for Spain where he attacked Vigo and Santo Domingo.
1769, Monday September 14, Birth of the German traveller, archaeologist and naturalist Baron von Humboldt.
1982, Tuesday September 14, Death of the Princess Grace of Monaco (Grace Kelly).