This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the First week of July. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the First week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.
The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.
The Outside London section offers daily updates on a range of political, cultural, scientific and religious events and anniversaries in History and which had, in one way or another, an effect on London Life.
Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .
Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.
1392, Monday In a dispute with Richard II the City of London was fined £100,000.
1535, Thursday The trial of Sir Thomas More began.
1536, Saturday The Princesses Mary and Elizabeth were declared illegitimate by Parliament.
1543, Sunday The Scottish ambassador agreed to a peace treaty at Greenwich.
1622, Monday Mr Chamberlain reports on the latest outbreak of the smallpox and a barely audible sermon by George Monteigne, the new Bishop of London, at St Paul's Cross.
1627, Sunday Latymer school opened in a building in the churchyard at Fulham.
1660, Sunday Mr Pepys takes delivery of a fine camlet cloak with gold buttons and a silk suit which cost him much money.
1838, Sunday Charles Darwin read a paper on his theory of evolution at the Linnaean Society.
1855, Sunday The Repeal of the Stamp Act opened the way for cheap, mass-circulation newspapers and modern newspaper layout.
1864, Friday In the House of Commons the Ayes and Nays tied on 170 in a vote to give a Third reading of the Tests Abolition (Oxford) Bill. The Speaker, J Evelyn Denison cast his vote with the Ayes. [After the third reading, the question that the bill do now pass was divided upon and lost 171-173].
1899, Thursday The birth of the English actor Charles Laughton.
1909, Thursday The prominent Anglo-Indian Sir Curzon Wyllie is murdered by an Indian at the Imperial Institute.
1915, Thursday The brides-in-the-bath killer George Smith was sentenced to be hanged for the murders of three bigamous wives.
1916, Saturday Irish nationalist leader Roger Casement was sentenced to death for treason.
1920, Thursday Sir Herbert Samuel was appointed High Commissioner of Palestine.
1924, Tuesday Following a steep rise in fatal accidents, the Metropolitan Police warned cyclists to avoid roads that are heavily used by motor cars.
1925, Wednesday It was reported that the railway companies were to make annual cuts of £6 million.
1937, Thursday The emergency telephone number 999 became operational.
1939, Saturday The curtain fell for the last time in the Lyceum theater, at the end of John Gielgud's Hamlet.
1950, Saturday Ford launched its Consul and Zephyr range of motor cars.
1961, Thursday The birth of Diana Spencer, later Princess of Wales.
1976, Thursday Black Panther Donald Nielson was found guilty of murdering the heiress Lesley Whittle.
1977, Friday Virginia Wade became first British player to win the Wimbledon women's singles title since 1969.
1981, Wednesday Former prime minister Edward Heath claimed that Mrs Thatcher's policies breed crime and race hate.
1996, Monday In addition to a practical exam, learner drivers now had to pass a written examination for the first time.
1483, Wednesday Coronation of Richard III.
1489, Thursday Birth of the 69th archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer.
1621, Monday Death of the English mathematician, Londoner Thomas Harriot.
1644, Tuesday Oliver Cromwell defeated Prince Rupert at the Battle of Marston Moor, his first victory over the Royalists in the English Civil War.
1660, Monday Mr Pepys is taken to lunch by a rogue and attends his first meeting as a principal Officer of the Navy.
1661, Tuesday Mr Evelyn visits the New Spring Garden at Vauxhall.
1850, Tuesday Death of the English Statesman Robert Peel.
1852, Friday Birth of the English mathematician, Londoner William Burnside.
1865, Sunday At a revivalist meeting at Whitechapel, William Booth formed the Salvation Army.
1908, Thursday The Lancet Medical Journal passed judgement on the new fashions:- men who wear coloured shirts are slovens.
1909, Friday It was reported that Britain had seized 300 square miles in Liberia.
1914, Thursday Death of the English statesman Joseph Chamberlain.
1924, Wednesday The Government rejected the idea of a Channel Tunnel.
1924, Wednesday Birth of the English novelist Francis Wyndham.
1928, Monday Viscount Byng of Vimy was appointed as head of the Metropolitan Police.
1929, Tuesday George V opened the new parliament. The King's Speech was the first for a Labour government.
1938, Saturday Birth of the English politician David Owen.
1939, Sunday George VI approved the formation of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force.
1940, Tuesday Birth of the English politician Kenneth Clarke.
1942, Thursday The House of Commons gave Churchill and the war effort a 475-25 vote of confidence.
1975, Wednesday Death of the British actor James Robertson Justice.
1976, Friday The government used emergency powers to deal with the water shortage crisis.
1981, Thursday The Government announced large cuts in university grants, threatening 12,000 places the next year.
1982, Friday Roy Jenkins was elected leader of the new Social Democratic Party (SDP).
1985, Tuesday The ordination of women as deacons was approved by the General Synod of the Church of England.
1322, Saturday At dawn a large crowd had gathered at the gate of the Black Friars priory to receive the alms dispensed by the monks. In the scramble 52 people were crushed to death.
1687, Sunday James II publicly received the newly appointed Papal Nuncio, Ferdinando d'Adda.
1749, Monday Death of the Welsh mathematician, Londoner William Jones.
1753, Tuesday Christopher Johnson and John Stockdale were executed at Tyburn for murder and their bodies hanged in chains.
1809, Monday Henry White and James Smith "well-equipped and armed burglars", were sentenced to death at the Old Bailey.
1866, Tuesday Birth of the English mathematician Henry Baker.
1915, Saturday The Government announced that the cost of the war was an estimated £3 million per day.
1927, Friday Birth of the English film director Ken Russell.
1928, Tuesday The first colour television transmission was made by John Logie Baird.
1946, Wednesday The Jockey Club announced that it was to install photo-finish cameras on all racecourses.
1954, Saturday Almost nine years after the end of WWII, food rationing was finally ended in the UK. Meat was the last item to be rationed.
1956, Tuesday Indian Prime Minister Pandit Nehru and New Zealand Prime Minister Sir Sidney Holland were given the freedom of the City of London.
1966, Sunday Thirty-one people were arrested during anti-Vietnam War protests outside the American embassy.
1975, Thursday The Church of England agreed in principle to allow women to enter the priesthood, but not yet.
1981, Friday There were riots in Southall during a punk concert.
1986, Thursday The government abandoned its water privatisation plans.
1991, Wednesday Buckingham Palace dismissed speculation that the Queen's private fortune was £6.6 million.
1996, Wednesday It was announced that the Stone of Scone, stolen by Edward I in 1296, was to be returned to Scotland from Westminster Abbey where it had been used in the coronation of 30 monarchs.
1998, Friday Death of the English romantic composer George Lloyd.
1585, Sunday Lord Charles Howard was appointed Lord Admiral.
1623, Friday Death of the English organist and composer, Londoner William Byrd.
1627, Wednesday Death of the Elizabethan dramatist Thomas Middleton.
1628, Friday William Laud became the 104th Bishop of London.
1653, Monday The Short Parliament was convened. It was nicknamed the Barebones Parliament after the leather merchant and fiery preacher Praise-God Barebone who was appointed by Cromwell to sit in it.
1660, Tuesday Mr Pepys inspects the Navy buildings, treats two friends to lobster and wine at the Sun Tavern and finds it strange to see all the flocking, bare, to see the King look out of the Council window.
1741, Saturday Cuper's Pleasure Gardens, in competition with Vauxhall, have Handel give a concert which includes the first performance of his patriotic sea song Porto Bello.
1761, Saturday Death of the English novelist, Londoner Samuel Richardson.
1770, Wednesday James Attaway and Richard Bailey were executed at Tyburn for committing a Burglary after tying up the Butler.
1829, Saturday Britain's first regular scheduled bus service began running, between the Yorkshire Stingo on Marylebone Road and the Bank of England.
1840, Saturday Cunard began its trans-Atlantic service.
1848, Tuesday The Communist Manifesto was published by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
1916, Tuesday Queen Mary opened the South London Hospital for Women in Clapham.
1929, Thursday The government announced plans to increase unemployment benefit.
1942, Saturday Birth of Prince Michael of Kent.
1955, Monday The Government announced that the Simonstown naval base would be transferred to South Africa by April 1957.
1957, Thursday In the House of Commons, MPs voted themselves an increase in expenses of £750 a year.
1964, Saturday A Constitutional conference in London promised independence for Saudi Arabia by 1968.
1984, Wednesday The Government announced that dog licences were to be abolished.
1995, Tuesday Prime Minister John Major won the contest for the leadership of the Conservative Party.
1273, Wednesday St Katharine's hospital by the Tower was refounded by Eleanor, widow of Henry III.
1596, Monday Sir Robert Cecil was appointed Secretary of State.
1617, Saturday Mr Chamberlain reports on the dispersal of Sir Walter Raleigh's fleet in a storm off the Irish coast.
1619, Monday Mr Chamberlain reports on the appointment of Sir John Ayres as the new ambassador to Constantinople.
1660, Thursday Mr Pepys takes delivery of his jackanapes coat with silver buttons, watches the Royal Party in procession to the City in the rain and hires his first clerk.
1691, Sunday Jack Collet alias Cole a highwayman, who robbed in the habit of a Bishop, was executed at Tyburn for Sacrilegious Burglary.
1721, Wednesday Barbara Spencer was executed at Tyburn for Coining. She was probably the first woman to suffer the death penalty for what was regarded as Treason.
1737, Tuesday The Prince of Wales gave warrants for £250 each to the Covent Garden company and the Opera of the Nobility.
1755, Saturday The birth of the English actress Sarah Siddons.
1791, Tuesday The first British ambassador to the USA, George Hammond, was appointed.
1814, Tuesday In the House of Commons, the Honourable Andrew James Cochrane, Member for Grampound, was expelled following his convicted for conspiracy to defraud. He had, with two others, circulated false rumours of the defeat and death of Napoleon Buonaparte in order to boost share prices. He absconded to France before sentence.
1814, Tuesday In the House of Commons, Lord Thomas Cochrane, Member for Westminster, was expelled following his convicted for conspiracy to defraud. He had, with two others, circulated false rumours of the defeat and death of Napoleon Buonaparte in order to boost share prices. He was heavily fined and sentenced to a year's imprisonment.
1817, Saturday Gold sovereigns were first issued.
1826, Wednesday The death of the colonial administrator and founder of London Zoo, Thomas Stamford Raffles.
1828, Saturday The Spectator was founded.
1865, Wednesday The speed of road vehicles was limited to 2mph in towns and 4mph in the country.
1894, Thursday Death of the English archaeologist and statesman Austen Henry Layard.
1920, Monday A New airmail service to Amsterdam began. It cost 3d per ounce of mail.
1937, Tuesday The train Coronation Scot reached Edinburgh in a record 6 hours from London. [Record probably still stands!]
1945, Thursday Winston Churchill lost the first post-war General Election when the Labour Party were returned in a landslide victory.
1948, Monday The National Health Service came into operation.
1952, Saturday On Last Tram Day, Thousands of Londoners bade farewell to the city's last tram, which ran from Woolwich to New Cross.
1953, Sunday Birth of the English dress designer Elizabeth Emanuel.
1956, Thursday The Clean Air bill was passed by the House of Commons.
1965, Monday The American (mezzo)Soprano Maria Callas made her last stage appearance, in Tosca, at the Royal Opera House.
1974, Friday Death of the English historical novelist, Londoner Georgette Heyer.
1980, Saturday The Swede Björn Borg won the Wimbledon singles championship for a record fifth consecutive time.
1982, Monday Lord Franks was appointed to chair the government's inquiry into the events leading to the Falklands War.
1991, Friday The Bank of England ordered the closure of the Bank of Commerce and Credit International (BCCI).
1994, Tuesday The British Medical association (BMA) said that women should be encouraged to carry donor cards permitting the post mortem transplant of their ovaries to help infertile women.
1997, Saturday Sixteen year old Martina Hingis of Switzerlandbecame the youngest ever winner of the women's singles at the Wimbledon tennis championships.
1535, Tuesday Thomas More was executed on Tower Hill.
1551, Monday An outbreak of the Sweating sickness killed many Londoners.
1553, Thursday Death of Edward VI sparks a struggle for the succession.
1616, Saturday Mr Chamberlain has fun a the expense of the extravagant Lord of the Wardrobe and discusses the fate of the Lord Chief Justice, Sir Edward Coke.
1660, Friday Mr Pepys continues to augment his wardrobe, has to wait a half hour at the Half Moon before being served and sings duets in the dark.
1737, Saturday The Prince of Wales and his retinue travelled on the river from Kew to Vauxhall Gardens to the accompaniment of The Water Music by Handel.
1791, Wednesday Joseph Wood and Thomas Underwood, two fourteen-year-old boys, were executed at Newgate for robbing another boy.
1796, Wednesday Henry Weston, who betrayed his employer's confidence and committed forgery was executed before Newgate.
1886, Tuesday Newspaper box numbers were introduced by the Daily Telegraph.
1892, Wednesday Dadabhai Naoraji was elected to parliament for Finsbury Central and becomes Britain's first non-white MP.
1903, Monday The French President, Emile Loubet, and Foreign Minister, Theophile Delcasse, visited London in an effort to improve Anglo-French relations.
1919, Sunday A Thanksgiving service for the Treaty of Versailles was held in St. Paul's Cathedral.
1926, Tuesday In the House of Commons, the Sale of Food Bill giving effect to the recommendations of the Food Council, was introduced.
1927, Wednesday The Church of England approved the proposed revision of the Book of Common Prayer.
1932, Wednesday In the House of Commons, MPs approved a bill putting duties on imports from the Irish Free State.
1950, Thursday At Wimbledon, the tournament's longest-ever set, in the men's doubles 4th round, ended 31 games to 29.
1960, Wednesday The death of the Welsh politician Aneurin Bevan.
1970, Monday The government announced that it had resumed arms sales to South Africa.
1972, Thursday The Government set up an inquiry into allegations of corruption by the architect John Poulson.
1983, Wednesday The Government announced a rise in defence spending which included £624 million for the Falklands War.
1993, Tuesday Death of the English astronomer John Bolton.
1307, Friday Death of Edward I.
1592, Friday Birth of Thomas, Earl of Arundel.
1608, Thursday Mr Chamberlain reports on the worries of the City as Robert Cecil's new Exchange approaches completion.
1617, Monday The new church of St John the Baptist at Wapping was consecrated.
1660, Saturday Mr Pepys gets a pay rise, buys two fine prints and makes an inventory of the Navy Office materials.
1713, Tuesday To celebrate the Peace of Utrecht, Handel's Utrecht Te Deum and Jubulate were premiered at St Paul's Cathedral. Queen Anne was too ill to attend but had them performed for her later in the month.
1816, Sunday Death of the Irish dramatist and politician Richard Brinsley Sheridan.
1903, Tuesday Concern over the long-term consequences of the declining birth rate were expressed by the Authorities.
1913, Monday House of Commons passed an Irish Home Rule bill.
1916, Friday David Lloyd George replaced the drowned Lord Kitchener as minister of defence.
1917, Saturday In the biggest air raid yet, 37 Londoners were killed.
1919, Monday Birth of the English actor, Londoner Jon Pertwee.
1921, Thursday The South African premier General Smuts met George V to discuss the Irish situation.
1927, Friday Christopher Stone presented his Record round-up from Savoy Hill thus making him British radio's first "disc jockey".
1930, Monday Death of the British author Arthur Conan Doyle.
1933, Friday It was reported that British doctors had isolated the influenza virus.
1937, Wednesday The Report from the Peel Commission suggested ending the Palestine mandate and dividing the area between Arabs and Jews.
1938, Thursday In London, Augustus John opened an exhibition of art by Bechmann, Kandinsky and others and who were banned in Germany.
1941, Monday Birth of the English politician Michael Howard.
1955, Thursday The English television classic Dixon of Dock Green was first screened.
1959, Tuesday The House of Fraser launched its bid for the Harrods store.
1964, Tuesday The thirteenth Conference of Commonwealth Prime Ministers was held in London.
1967, Friday The English yachtsman Francis Chichester was knighted by the Queen.
1980, Monday Miners' union leaders demanded pay rises of 35%.
1982, Wednesday Concerns about Royal security were raised when Elizabeth II was woken by a strange man sitting on her bed in Buckingham Palace.
1983, Thursday The new Chancellor, Nigel Lawson, announced public spending cuts of £500 million.
1984, Saturday Death of the English actress Dame Flora Robson.
1985, Sunday The unseeded 17-year-old Boris Becker became the youngest ever men's singles champion at Wimbledon.
1990, Saturday Martina Navratilova won a record ninth Women's Singles title in the Wimbledon tennis tournament.
1992, Tuesday Sogo, the first Japanese department store in London, opened in Piccadilly.
1996, Sunday Holland's Richard Krajicek won the first men's tennis final at Wimbledon to feature two unseeded players.
1646, Wednesday Birth of the German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz.
1690, Tuesday James II was defeated by William of Orange at the Battle of the Boyne.
1751, Monday The first volume of Diderot's Encyclopédie was published in Paris.
1788, Tuesday Birth of the French mathematician Jean-Victor Poncelet.
1804, Sunday Birth of the French novelist George Sand [Amandine Dudevant, nee Dupin].
1860, Sunday Death of the American inventor Charles Goodyear.
1872, Monday Birth of the French aviator Louis Blériot.
1906, Sunday Birth of the French mathematician Jean Dieudonné.
1916, Saturday The First Battle of the Somme began. 21,000 men died on the first day.
1916, Saturday Birth of the American film actress Olivia de Havilland.
1925, Wednesday Death of the French composer Erik Satie.
1980, Tuesday Death of the English novelist, physicist and civil servant C.P. Snow.
1997, Tuesday Death of the American film actor Robert (Charles Duran) Mitchum.
1566, Tuesday Death of the French physician and astrologer Nostradamus.
1613, Friday Death of the German mathematician Bartholomeo Pitiscus.
1622, Tuesday Birth of the French mathematician René de Sluze.
1714, Friday Birth of the German composer Christoph von Gluck.
1778, Thursday Death of the French philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau.
1820, Sunday Birth of the Scottish engineer William Rankine.
1862, Wednesday Birth, in Australia, of the English physicist William Henry Bragg.
1877, Monday Birth of the German poet and novelist Hermann Hesse.
1900, Monday The 2nd Modern Olympic Games opened in Paris.
1919, Wednesday Death of the German mathematician Theodor Reye.
1937, Friday Death of the American aviator Amelia Earhart, who disappeared over the Pacific.
1947, Wednesday Death of the Russian mathematician Nikolai Chebotaryov.
1961, Sunday Death of the American novelist Ernest Hemingway.
1973, Monday Death of the American film actress Betty Grable.
1977, Saturday Death of the Russian novelist Vladimir Nabokov.
1985, Tuesday The European spacecraft 'Giotto' was launched to rendezvous with Halley's comet.
1997, Wednesday Death of the American actor James ('Jimmy') Stewart.
1495, Wednesday The vanguard of an expedition under the pretender Perkin Warbeck was repulsed on landing at Deal in Kent. Warbeck held offshore and subsequently found refuge with King James IV of Scotland.
1642, Sunday Death of the Queen of France Marie de' Medici.
1728, Wednesday Birth of the Scottish architect and designer Robert Adam.
1820, Monday Birth of the French mathematician Ernest de Jonquières.
1854, Monday Birth of the Czech composer Leos Janácek.
1860, Tuesday Birth of the Scottish composer and writer William Wallace. He coined the term 'Symphonic Poem'.
1883, Tuesday Birth of the Czech writer Franz Kafka.
1930, Thursday Birth of the German conductor Carlos Kleiber.
1937, Saturday Birth of the Czech-British dramatist Tom Stoppard [Thomas Straussler].
1939, Monday Birth of German mezzo-soprano Brigitte Fassbaender.
1962, Tuesday Birth of the American film actor Tom Cruise.
1991, Wednesday Death of the Danish mathematician Ernst Witt.
1807, Saturday Birth of the Italian soldier and patriot Giuseppe Garibaldi.
1898, Monday Birth of the English actress Gertrude Lawrence.
1927, Monday Birth of the Italian film actress Gina Lollobrigida.
1930, Friday Thirteen people died and many more were injured in an explosion at a chemical factory in Yorkshire.
1934, Wednesday Death of the Polish scientist Marie Curie.
1961, Tuesday The first Westland Wessex anti-submarine helicopters enter RAF service with 815 Squadron at Culdrose in Cornwall.
1962, Wednesday Death of John Christie, the founder of the Glyndebourne Opera.
1968, Thursday Alec Rose made landfall at Southampton after sailing around the world single handed.
1981, Saturday There were serious Riots in Toxteth, Liverpool during which the police used CS gas for the first time in England.
1995, Tuesday The space shuttle Atlantis and the Russian space station Mir separated after orbiting the earth together for five days.
1803, Tuesday Birth of the English traveller, linguist, and prose writer George Borrow.
1853, Tuesday Birth of the South African statesman and founder of Rhodesia Cecil Rhodes.
1889, Friday Birth of the French poet, novelist, artist, and film director Jean Cocteau.
1911, Wednesday Birth of French politician Georges Pompidou.
1934, Thursday Birth of the Welsh actor Philip Madoc.
1946, Friday A swimsuit designed by Louis Reard, called bikini, was first modelled at a Paris fashion show.
1560, Saturday Following the Treaty of Edinburgh the French withdraw from Scotland.
1685, Monday In the last battle to be fought on English soil, at Sedgemoor, James II defeated the Duke of Monmouth.
1796, Wednesday Birth of the Tsar of Russia, Nicholas I.
1885, Monday The first anti-rabies vaccine, developed by Louis Pasteur, was used.
1893, Thursday Death of the French writer Guy de Maupassant.
1908, Monday Pope Leo XIII decreed that the UK, US, Canada, and Holland were no longer missionary lands.
1927, Wednesday Birth of the American film actress Janet Leigh.
1932, Wednesday Death of the Scottish children's author Kenneth Grahame.
1937, Tuesday Birth of the Russian pianist Vladimir Ashkenazy.
1946, Saturday Birth of the American film actor Sylvester Stallone.
1973, Friday Death of the German conductor Otto Klemperer.
1988, Wednesday An explosion aboard the North Sea oil rig Piper Alpha resulted in the loss of 166 lives.
1573, Tuesday Death of the Italian architect Giacomo da Vignola.
1834, Monday Birth of the Czech writer and poet Jan Neruda.
1854, Friday Death of the German physicist Georg Ohm.
1887, Tuesday Birth of the Russian painter and designer Marc Chagall.
1893, Friday Birth of the Georgian poet Vladimir Mayakovsky.
1901, Sunday Birth of the Italian film director Vittorio de Sica.
1911, Friday Birth of the Italian composer Gian Carlo Menotti.
1922, Friday Birth of the French fashion designer Pierre Cardin.
1929, Sunday The Vatican City State, with the pope as its sovereign, came into being under the terms of the Lateran Treaty.
1941, Monday Birth of the English comic actor Bill Oddie.